Electoral systems are designed to fulfil a number of often conflicting functions such as reflecting the wishes of voters, producing strong and stable governments, electing qualified representatives. In selecting a particular design of electoral system, the ‘electoral engineers’ have to take important decisions about which function to stress most. As a result no two countries have the same electoral system. There are many different types of electoral systems used around the world, moreover within individual countries different electoral systems may be found in different regions and at different level of government, e.g. Committees of all kinds elect new chairman and trade unions elect members to their national councils. Less frequently though there are general elections to parliament.
Electoral systems can be divided into three general types; plurality... [continues]
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