Compare and Contrast the Presidential Management Style Between President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President William Clinton

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This purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the presidential styles of management between President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President William Clinton. Particular emphasis will be on domestic and foreign policy, and effectiveness of their presidential administration. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected four times as President of the United States of American between 1933 through 1945. William Clinton was elected twice as President of the United States of American between 1993 through 2001. Both Presidents share many similar standpoints on foreign policy because of international conflict that took place during their administration. President Roosevelt made many crucial decisions with regards to World War II and the Great Depression, as well as President Clinton with the crisis in Somalia, Serbia, Kosovo and the collapse of the Soviet Union with uncertainties of the post-Cold War. Also, differentiating domestic affairs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt with the New Deal Plan, economic recovery, American agriculture, job relief and President Bill Clinton with focus on the economy, the runway deficit, unemployment, health care crisis and welfare reform (Baliles,1).

Since there was a different time period where both Presidents took office, the presidential styles of management were also different. United States presidents since Ronald Reagan like Bill Clinton, developed a “standard model” of staff structure to aid the president with information to make important policy decisions and report information. With the formalistic approach, there is a distinct division of labor among administration staff members, identified procedures to be implemented, and careful information that is given to the President. During President Roosevelt’s term, there was a competitive pattern which supported different opinions

and standpoints among advisers of the president. Nevertheless, the president will make the final judgment to himself, regardless of the disagreements advisers may claim. President Roosevelt’s presidential style promoted a collegial system which stress group problem solving, and common accountability for outcomes, having the president engaged in the procedure to ultimately decide the appropriate choice. President Clinton appeared to acquire a similar collegial style as Roosevelt, but then shifted towards a more disciplined collegial pattern. These formalistic presidential management styles put more demands on the president with time and knowledge. These duties acquire a lot of time for the president, which may result having experts and administration staff deal with management tasks. Also, since the formal method is usually done in written form, it is less suitable for the president who favors collective decision making with collective interaction, group conflicts and discussion (Maltese, 170-171).

Although the collegial style place strong demands, it is essential for the president to administer the policy making process to decide on a substantive wise conclusion. The appointed advisers of the president must express and persuade their knowledge and experience towards the president. Alas, succeeding in influencing the president’s decision may come at the expense of a particular outcome. President Franklin Roosevelt’s presidential management style utilized a cooperate advisory approach, which often is referred as a “spokes-in-a-wheel” system, having the president as the center piece with his advisers and experts surrounding him. This system promotes conflict and argument of administrating policy which President Roosevelt implemented. (Maltese, 170-171)

One aspect which President Roosevelt and President Clinton share is their personality trait, referring political scientist James David Barber. He studied psychological characteristics of

presidential candidates and how their life experiences explain why political figures behave as they do. Barber’s research also attempts to...
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