Compare and Contrast the Northern and Italian Renaissance

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Italian High Renaissance artists achieved ideal of harmony and balance comparable with the works of ancient Greece or Rome. Renaissance Classicism was a form of art that removed the extraneous detail and showed the world as it was. Forms, colors and proportions, light and shade effects, spatial harmony, composition, perspective, anatomy - all are handled with total control and a level of accomplishment for which there are no real precedents. Leonardo da Vinci was a Florentine artist, one of the great masters of the High Renaissance, who was also celebrated as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist. Leonardo fuses his subject with the landscape behind her by means of light. He called this technique sfumato ( smokiness) which Leonardo was one of the first great masters it showed in Mona Lisa painting, also the painting's hazy effects could only be building up color with many layers of oil paint which is a process called glazing. He also did the last supper from one point of perspective. He also illustrated how the human figure generate both circle and square in the Vitruvius Man. Michelangelo, the Renaissance genius who was also a sculptor and architect, he spend almost four years in the Sistine Chapel, he paints more than 300 biblical figures illustrating the creation and fall of humankind. He also designed the dome of St. Peter's Basilica in the same city and revolutionized classical architecture with his invention of the giant order of pilasters. Also the "Pietà" and the "David", were two of his best-known works were sculpted before he turned thirty. His major early work was a "Pieta", commissioned by a French cardinal and installed in Old Saint Peter's in the Vatican. Michelangelo's "Pieta" is a very young Virgin of heroic stature holding the lifeless, smaller body of her grown son, with the sweet expression, the finely finished surfaces, and the softly modeled forms ,was the only one he signed. In 1501 Michelangelo accepted a commission for a...
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