Compare and Contrast the Classical Civilizations of India and China.

Topics: Indus Valley Civilization, Indus River, Shang Dynasty Pages: 2 (551 words) Published: December 4, 2012
China and India are two of the great ancient civilizations and are some of the most expanded cultures to this day.

The Xia Dynasty (2070 BC - 1600 BC) is the first dynasty in China to be described in ancient history. Yu was the founder of the Xia Dynasty and was successful in stopping devastating floods and increased the produce from farming, and the Xia tribe’s influence strengthened. The floods damaged the crops. The Shang dynasty had a fully developed system of writing. Dated back to 1500 BC, the early Shang dynasty produced a large-scale production of weapons. This production required a large labor force that could handle the mining, refining, and transportation of the necessary copper and tin. Shang kings also functioned as the high priests of society, which included leading the divination ceremonies. Shang infantry were armed with mostly of stone and bronze weaponry, including spears, pole-axes, pole-based dagger-axes, composite bows, and bronze or leather helmets. The later Shang armies were concentrated on their chariots, which, as well as being efficient weapons of war. Tea and rice were very two key items for food in China. They ate oranges, lemons, peaches, apricots and so on. Their were two kinds of houses in China, poor houses an rich houses. The poor houses generally one room and made with mudbrick. The roof was made with thatch. Rich peoples houses were much bigger and had a high wall made of rammed earth all the way around them. No windows just one door, to keep the family safe. After you went through the first door you would see another short wall, which kept people from seeing into your courtyard, for privacy reasons. If it was a very fancy house, their would be another story over looking the courtyard.

The Indus Valley is one of the world's earliest urban civilizations. At its peak, the Indus Civilization may have had a population of well over five million. Inhabitants of the ancient Indus river valley developed new techniques in...
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