Compare and Contrast the Causes of the 1905 and 1917 Revolutions in Russia

Topics: Russian Empire, Russia, Saint Petersburg Pages: 4 (1626 words) Published: January 19, 2011
Compare and contrast the causes of the 1905 and 1917 revolutions in Russia

In 1905 and 1917 Russia was tormented by chaotic revolutions. The workers and the intelligentsia had arrived at the point of hating the autocracy because they could no longer endure the suffering, hunger and repression that the tsarist policies brought with them. Years later Lenin referred to the revolution of 1905 as a “dress rehearsal for the October Revolution” of 1917. In 1905 tsardom nearly fell. Nicholas II succeeded in remaining in power, stabilizing the situation, only thanks to various concessions. However, his continuing to rule harshly and unwisely brought him to be forced to abdicate in the February of 1917, signing the end of the Russian monarchy. The leaders of the Duma and the Petrograd soviet, a committee which represented the lower classes, came to power exercising a Dual Authority in a provisional government, turning Russia into a multi party democratic republic. The two revolutions were caused by similar motives. The hunger of the workers, the restricted human rights on the lower classes and, the humiliation that the army brought to the country, after its defeats abroad. There were however also some differences, in the causes that brought to the revolution. Like the fact that in 1905 the peasants still had to pay redemption payments and Nicholas II’s rejection of the reforms of 1905’s the October Manifesto. WWI played much greater role in the cause of the revolution of 1917 than the loss in the Russo-Japanese war in the one of 1905. Also the absurd actions of Grigory Rasputin caused an immense damage to the royal family. The causes of the revolutions had both similarities and differences, both on the long and short term. On the long term, the revolutions were both caused by the inhuman living conditions of the population which couldn’t keep up to the standard of a modern and industrialized country. The workers, who suffered from long hours, poor pay and terrible...
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