The Mongols are a large nomadic group of people, in which throughout the course of world history have invaded, conquered, and dominated multiple civilizations. Two of these dominated civilizations include China, conquered in the early 13th century and Russia, conquered around the same time as China. These two dominations of different regions brought about numerous political and economic changes, however the styles of influence differed greatly from each other. On the contrary, there were similar political and economic influences caused by the Mongols on each Postclassical civilization.
In China, political impact from the Mongols came off much more strict and centralized than what politically occurred in Russia, and will have a more significant effect. When Kublai Khan established the Yuan dynasty, he practically conquered China, however he applied a “split effect” in which he would separate the Mongols from the Chinese. Kublai put this into place because he was afraid of intermarriage, and as a result, banned it. He also ruled the fact that Chinese scholars were not permitted to learn Mongolian script, and that the Chinese military will remain separated from the Mongolian military. The power for rule came mostly from Kublai’s dynasty. The same nomadic group also conquered Russia, a region where political impact is greatly diverse. Most of the rule in Russia came from the Khan of the Golden Horde. The status of people in Russia was demoted in a way, from a higher position to a lower one. The Russian princes had become vassals and the peasants had become serfs to the princes for their own protections. Because of the peasantry converting to serfs, serfdom is later introduced as well as the princes to begin collecting taxes and tribute.
Economically, the impacts of the Mongols on Russia and China are clearly expressed in different... [continues]
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