Compare and Contrast North and South

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Running Head: Short Essay 1

Short Essay 1

Many of colonies resulted from European expansion; perhaps the two most talked about would be the colonies in Virginia and Massachusetts. Each colony was unique in its own way, but similarities between the two were also apparent. These similarities and differences helped shape what would eventually become the “North” and “South” during the Civil War. The English settlements in Virginia and Massachusetts were both established in the early 1600s but the reason why and how they were established differed tremendously. The first permanent English settlement began in the Chesapeake Bay area in 1607 (Reich, 2011, p.59) and in Massachusetts in 1620 (Reich, 2011, p.69). Each settlement encountered the Native American people once they landed in their respective area, but each handled the situation a little differently. The Puritans knew that it would be in the best interest of the colony to watch and interact with the Native Americans. The settlers could learn new ways to plant fields and harvest food from the Native Americans. These skills would be essential to survive in this new environment. Puritans never treated the Native Americans as equals but understood the importance of a good relationship with them (Nash, 2010 pp. 75-79). The Virginia colony saw the Native Americans as an obstacle and a threat to the profit in which they came to Americas to pursue. This resentment would lead to many battles for land, food and resources. Neither of the colonies capable of accepting the Native American people as equals. This bias towards other races was even more evident in the Virginia colonies once indentured servants and slaves started to come over to work the tobacco fields (Nash, 2010, pp. 53-58).

Virginia began as a misguided business venture of 144 colonists. The major focus of the Virginia colony was to bring back profit to the investors back in England. In the beginning, the Virginia colony struggled due to only being...
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