Deforestation in Indonesia and Brazil
Deforestation is normally referred to activities that all trees in forest are taken away through either the purpose is to get timber or to replace the area for alternative uses can cause environmental degradation, and pollution emission. There are similarities and differences of deforestation causes in Brazil and Indonesia. The objective of this essay is to compare and contrast the similarities and differences of deforestation in Indonesia and Brazil in term of mining, burning forest and logging.
Mining is one of the main causes of deforestation. Indonesia and Brazil’s forests have been suffered badly from mining activities. However, mining in Indonesia is different from Brazil. Mining in Indonesia is legal because the government wants to drive macroeconomic growth and decrease poverty in Indonesia (Coal exploitation and Kalimantan’s blighted generation, 2010). Indonesian government permits local mining companies in some allowed area. In 1850, mining rights could be provided to private companies for exploration and mining mineral and produce petrol (Mills, n,d.). The number of citizens in Indonesia living under the poverty has increased approximately 324,800 or 11 percent of the total citizens of 2.8 million people because of unemployment. The government also has anticipated coal stocks of 1.983 billion tones in East Kalimantan in order to create the largest provincial economy in Kalimantan. In 2011, Indonesia not only exported coal over 300Mt, but it also has overtaken Australia as world’s largest coal exporter. (Coal exploitation and Kalimantan’s blighted generation, 2010). On the other side, mining in Brazilian forest is illegal. The Brazilian government is against both international companies and private sectors to do mining in the forest because of protecting native tribes. The Yanomami who is one of the largest isolated tribes approximately 25,700 people in South America...
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