This comprehensive analysis compares and contrasts two crime models that determine arrest to sentencing procedure using the policies within the Constitution. These policies the Fifth and Six Amendments defend the ever-changing and flexible structure working within the criminal justice system. These criminal models represent the capabilities of rudimental relationships to develop and modify the policies. Each crime model needs the balance of the other to complete the observable tension of daily workings from police officers making arrest to judicial sentencing.
Conflict and Crime Control Model
The conflict and crime control model references on a more competitive justice system. This competitiveness of the conflict and crime control model shows comparison with assembly-line justice and rushing judgment of the suspect. This model believes police officers should have the authority to distribute justice at the time of the arrest instead using the individual’s rights of due process. The most important aspects of conflict and crime control model shows in the criminal process pertaining to the repressions of individual rights. The repressions of individual rights shows as the criminals arrested, detained, or pushed through the criminal court system. Conflict and crime control model believes the breakdown in criminal conduct undermines the freedom of society. This concept of the conflict and crime control model speeds more cases through the criminal justice processes without judicial interference (Steinberg, 2011).
Conflict crime control model continues to balance the clearance rates with case attrition research. The attrition measure continues as a study of the revolving door arrests. This concept undermines public confidence in the law enforcement. The criminals gain confidence by committing a crime, and obtaining a lower sentence, thus undermining the thought of quick and swift justice for anyone committing a crime. Conflict crime control model study defined the predictability of an average police department. This comparison opinion leads to incorrect assumptions of the officers, detectives, and prosecutors not completing their jobs. Cutting corners, not following rules, and regulations for clearing cases. These actions show the statistics of attrition measured incorrectly (Petersilia, Abrahamse, & Wilson 1978). Consensus and Due Process Model
The corner stone or foundation of the Constitution founded upon the concept no person accepts punishment without the benefit of due process. The consensus and due process model defines this concept as giving notice to individual values. The concept created to protect the rights of the citizens from the coercive power of the government, and law enforcement. This protection includes strict regulations of police enforcement, collection of evidence, independent, impartial judicial process, and proportional justifiable punishment. The complete understanding of due process begins with understanding the words and actions for the Fifth and Six Amendments. This understanding continues with the right to fair and impartial treatment before, during, and after the arrest procedures throughout the stages of a criminal court (Parker, 1968). The Fifth Amendment
An important aspect of the Fifth Amendment defined the right of self-incrimination as preventing the defendant from testifying against him or herself. Another right within the protection of the Fifth Amendment shows as the ability to remain silent. The ability remains silent, and requests a lawyer as part of the Miranda Warning, and read by every police officer arresting a suspect. The Supreme Court defined involuntary confessions or censored confessions invalid in a court trial (Steinberg, 2011). The Sixth Amendment
The Sixth Amendment determines different rights pertaining to the process of the court trial. The next three...