Compare and Contrast Between Classical India and China

Topics: Sociology, India, China Pages: 2 (749 words) Published: December 16, 2012
CAC between India and China
When analyzing cultural traditions and innovations, economic relationships, and social classifications and expectations during/between the periods of classical China and classical India. Classical China lasted from 2000 B.C.E - 600 C.E, while classical India lasted from 600 B.C.E – 600 C.E. There are quite a few similarities and differences between these two civilizations. With regards to cultural traditions and innovations both developed similar technologies in their period. Spoken language was introduced in China during the Zhou Dynasty. Also in India, Sanskrit was the language of educated people.. India and China were similar as agricultural societies. Both civilizations relied on a large peasant class, organized in tight villages with much mutual cooperation. Both societies had a caste system where the citizens were ranked. This caste system organized into special groups that determined everything from your job, to your political rights, to your religious beliefs, and who you would marry. Lastly, social classifications and expectations played a big role in China and India, and how they treated women. China and India differed in their treatment because in India (patriarchal society), women were to treat men almost as Gods. In China, Confucianism had important implications for women, recommending their good treatment, but in the context they were still inferior to men. Traditions and innovations within classical China and classical India cultures differ in many ways but in a sense, are similar. During the Zhou dynasty in classical China, promoted the new process of standard language (Mandarin Chinese). This new process spread over the entire middle kingdom and resulted in the largest single group of people speaking the same language in the world at this time. Dialects certainly remained and other languages formed and remained, but educated officials soon began to rely on the single Mandarin form of language. As for India, their...
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