Ivy Victoria Niven
25 August 2011
Compare and contrast Ancient Egypt and Today
The people groups in ancient Egyptian were very different than our societies social groups today. Ancient Egyptians were grouped in a hierarchical system with the Pharaoh at the top and farmers and slaves at the bottom. The groups of people nearest to the top of society were the richest and most powerful. The Pharaoh was believed to be a god on earth and had the most power. He was responsible for making laws and keeping order. Ensuring that Egypt was not attacked or invaded by enemies and for keeping the gods happy so that the Nile flooded and there was a good harvest. The Vizier was the Pharaoh's chief advisor and was sometimes also the High Priest. He was responsible for overseeing administration and all official documents had to have his seal of approval. He also responsible for the supply of food, settling disputes between nobles and the running and protection of the Pharaoh's household. Nobles ruled the regions of Egypt. They were responsible for making local laws and keeping order in their region. Priests were responsible for keeping the gods happy. They did not preach to people but rather spent their time performing rituals and ceremonies to the god of their temple. Scribes were the only people who could read and write whom which were responsible for keeping records. The ancient Egyptians recorded information such as how much food was produced at harvest time, how many soldiers were in the army, number of workers and the number of gifts given to the gods. Soldiers were responsible defending the country. Many second sons, including those of the Pharaoh often chose to join the army. Soldiers were allowed to share riches captured from enemies and also were rewarded with land for their service to the country. Craftsmen were skilled workers such as - pottery makers, leatherworkers, sculptors, painters, weavers, jewelry makers, shoe...
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