Compare and Contrast: Ancient China and Ancient India

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Ancient China and ancient India are both important and interesting ancient civilizations. They are alike and unlike in many ways. Some significant ways in which ancient India and China are similar and different are religion, art, economics, politics, and social structure.

Ancient China and ancient India both consider religion to be very important. The main religions of China were Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism. The central religions in India were Hinduism and Buddhism. Both Ancient China and India had religious teachers that invented these prevalent religions. Confucius invented Confucianism, Lao Tzu invented Taoism, and Hsün Tzu invented Legalism in China. In India, Hinduism had its roots in the religious beliefs of the Aryan people that invaded India around 1500 B.C. Buddhism was invented in the sixth century B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama. China and India believed in supernatural forces. For example, China and India believed that supernatural forces controlled the weather and the abundance of crops grown that season. In addition, both ancient civilizations created art devoted to their respective religions.

To add, Ancient India and China made a variety of artistic creations. India and China both developed advanced written languages. India invented Sanskrit around 1000 B.C. This invention enabled them to write down legends and religious chants and rituals. These writings are known as the Vedas. The Chinese written language was one of its most important cultural contributions. This written language was primarily pictographic and ideographic in form. Both China and India created religious art. India had three types of religious structures: the pillar, the stupa, and the rock chamber. The Chinese did papermaking and formed bronze objects that were placed in tombs to follow the dead into the afterlife. Music was very important to China. The first musical instrument is said to be a set of bamboo pipes from China.

Equally important to religion and art is...
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