Compare and Contrast

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Compare and Contrast Self Administered Test
Mary Coleman
May 12, 2008
PSYU 565
Jeffrey A. Stone, PhD.
Chapman University

Compare and Contrast Self Administered Test
The assignment for this week is to compare and contrast the results from three self administered tests we took in class. The tests I will compare and contrast are the 16 Personality Factors (16PF), the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and the Taylor-Johnson Temperament Analysis (T-JTA). The 16PF is a comprehensive measure of normal-range personality that is used to gather an in-depth, integrated picture of the whole person. It was introduced over 40 years ago and has widely been used for a variety of applications including treatment planning and couples’ counseling, and to provide support for vocational guidance, hiring and promotion recommendations. The MBTI assessment is a widely used personality questionnaire designed to identify certain psychological differences in adolescents and adults 14 years and older. The MBTI test is given in vocational, educational, and psychotherapy settings to evaluate personality types. The test was first introduced in 1942 by mother and daughter Katharine C. Myers Briggs and Isabel Briggs. There are now several different versions of the test available. Form M, which contains 93 items, is the most commonly used. The Myers-Briggs inventory is based on Carl Jung's theory of types, outlined in his 1921 work Psychological Types. Jung's theory holds that human beings are either introverts or extraverts, and their behavior follows from these inborn psychological types. He also believed that people take in and process information different ways, based on their personality traits. The Taylor-Johnson Temperament Analysis (T-JTA) measures personality traits that affect an individual’s personal and interpersonal adjustment. It is an excellent tool for counseling individuals and its “criss-cross” feature can be used to create an instrument for counseling couples. The profiles are designed to help the person administering the test quickly identify client problem areas. The structure of the information gathered makes it possible to use the instrument to better incorporate clients into the counseling process. The test also helps clients better understand themselves without feeling medically or psychologically abnormal. Data/Feedback

To begin, I will explain my data and feedback on all three tests. For the 16PF, I will select three items from above average and below average, and describe the meaning of the score. On the 16PF the average is between four and seven. The majority of my scores were between four and seven; for instance warm vs cool, my score was six. This means I am warmer than I am cool, I am outgoing, kind, an easy-going person who likes people, and likes to participate rather than be reserved, impersonal, detached, formal, or aloof. For dominant vs submissive, I scored an eight, meaning I am more dominant; I am assertive, aggressive, stubborn, competitive, and bossy rather than humble, mild, easily led or accommodating. For shrewd vs forthright, I scored a seven, meaning I am more shrewd than I am forthright; I am more polished, socially aware, diplomatic, and calculating than I am unpretentious, open, genuine, and artless.. Three areas I scored below five are: self-assured, sober, and practical. Self-assured vs apprehensive, I scored a three meaning I am secure, feel free of guilt, untroubled, and self-satisfied, versus being apprehensive, self-blaming, guilt-prone, insecure, or worrying. Sober vs Enthusiastic means I am more restrained, prudent, taciturn, and serious rather than spontaneous, heedless, expressive, and cheerful. Practical vs imaginative was my lowest score on the test. My score was 1 meaning I am concerned with “down to earth” issues, and am steady vs being imaginative, absent-minded, absorbed in thought, impractical....
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