Compare and Contrast

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  • Topic: Cessna 172, Lycoming O-320, Lycoming O-360
  • Pages : 34 (9766 words )
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  • Published : October 24, 2012
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438

Chapter 23 Comparison and Contrast: Showing Similarities and Differences

Chapter 23

Comparison and Contrast
Showing Similarities and Differences

Writing Writing Comparison and Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . 439 Finding Patterns in Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445 Practicing Patterns of Comparison and Contrast . . . 445 Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447 Suggested Topics and Prompts for Writing Comparison and Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456 Writer’s Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459

Integrated Readings “Evaluating the Piper Cherokee and the Cessna 172” (career-related paragraph) . . . . . “The Piper Cherokee and the Cessna 172” (career-related essay) . . . . . . . . . . . “The Temple and the Cathedral” . . . . . . . . . . . . . “From B’wood to the ’Hood” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “A Mixed Tex-Cal Marriage” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Chinese Parents and American Parents” [with stages] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reading-Based Writing: “The Orderly, the Disorderly, and the Illogical” . . . . . . . . . . . . .

442 442 447 448 450 453 454

WHE N TO USE COMPARISON AND CONTR AST
F O R C OL L E G E W R I T I N G A S S I G N M ENTS I N CA REERS A ND AT THE WORK P LA CE

• For good reasons, comparison-and-contrast topics for tests and special assignments are commonplace across the curriculum. They require the student to acquire, organize, and evaluate ideas. The sources on either side of a comparison and contrast may be abundant in the library and especially on the Internet, but usually the precise relationship of ideas must be established by the student writer. • A comparison-and-contrast statement for a test or special assignment can be a paragraph or an essay.

• At the workplace, employees prepare comparisonand-contrast studies in anticipation of modifying, acquiring, inventing, or discontinuing products, services, or procedures. The forms for such studies are likely to be standardized and computer-generated, but they use many of the same principles presented in this chapter. • In determining career direction while still in college or on the job you may use comparison and contrast to assess job descriptions, employment opportunities, and personal satisfaction in different fields.

438

Generating Topics and Working with the 4 P s

439

C O M PA R I S O N A N D C O N T R A S T I N A C A R T O O N

W R I T I N G C O M PA R I S O N A N D C O N T R A S T
See Instructor Companion Site for printable quizzes. Go to www.cengage.com/devenglish/ brandon/spb6e. Copyright © 2011 Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Comparison and contrast is a method of showing similarities and dissimilarities between subjects. Comparison is concerned with organizing and developing points of similarity; contrast has the same function for dissimilarity. Sometimes a writing assignment may require that you cover only similarities or only dissimilarities. Occasionally, an instructor may ask you to separate one from the other. Usually, you will combine them within the larger design of your paragraph or essay. For convenience, the term comparison is sometimes applied to both comparison and contrast, because both use the same techniques and are usually combined into one operation. This chapter will help you find topics and choose strategies in writing comparison and contrast.

Generating Topics and Working with the 4 P’s
Comparison and contrast is basic to your thinking. In your daily activities, you consider similarities and dissimilarities between persons, things, concepts, political leaders, doctors, friends, instructors, schools, nations, classes, movies, and so on. You naturally turn to comparison and contrast to solve problems and to make decisions in your actions and in your writing. Because you have had so many comparative...
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