Comparative Study

Topics: Nineteen Eighty-Four, Totalitarianism, Dystopia Pages: 8 (2409 words) Published: February 3, 2013
George Orwell’s Nineteen-Eighty Four and Andrew Niccol’s Gattaca share similar visions of the future.

Nineteen eighty four is a science-fiction novel written by Orwell in 1949 and illustrates the perception of the impending future as to what he anticipated, similarly the 1997 science-fiction film Gattaca is director Niccol’s apparition of the future.

The texts of Nineteen-eighty four and Gattaca contrast due to their different setting and situations.

The composers display their values of the future as to be of a dystopian nature.

Values in which both composers meticulously address include the individuals oppression against a government which has implemented foundations that the society are to live up to resulting in the civil liberties of the individuals being supressed. The influence of technology in both stories is prominent; it is depicted as a common association with the daily lives of individuals within the society.

The texts are futuristic and the composers demonstrate the value of modern technology impacting and influencing the personal lives and minds of the individuals.

Both composers depict the characters as living in a dehumanised society, constantly under surveillance.

Government control is depicted in both texts through undemocratic authority. The administrations and authorised officials determine how the individuals are to live therefore controlling and influencing their day-to-day lives. The freedom of an individual under this rule is subject to their freedoms of independence, speech, bodily integrity, relationships and privacy being affected. People’s civil liberties, are compromised by the government’s policies, procedures and laws.

Orwell’s Nineteen-eighty four’s setting depicts a society that has expectations that are in place in which the citizens are to fulfil. Orwell has placed his idea of government control via the antagonist character’s ‘ the party’ and ‘big brother’. The society of Oceania’s daily lives involves appeasing the government. The government has installed in a variety of regulations in which the society are to conform to.

Throughout the novel, the responder witnesses many examples of the government controlling Oceania. The following quote displays the government’s control. “Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past” (part one chapter three). The line consists of repetition of the word ‘controls’, which clearly defines the purpose and intentions the party over its people. The repetition suggests that the government’s vigorous control leads to the rights of individuals being restricted.

In Nineteen eighty-four the government has regulations, which see the citizens having no interrelations with one another such as protagonist character Winston’s relationship with Julia. The government forbids the actions of relationship as they aim for a perfected controlled society. ‘To hang on from day to day and from week to week, spinning out a present that had no future, seemed an unconquerable instinct, just as one's lungs will always draw the next breath so long as there is air available (part two chapter five). The metaphor effectively demonstrates the lengths that Julia and Winston undergo to meet each other. The language technique emphasizes the impact government laws can have on a society forcing the citizens in an unnatural dehumanized state.

In chapter one of Orwell’s novel the responder views the protagonist character Winston, struggling to write in his diary about how much he hates the situation he’s in. ‘A tremor had gone through his bowels’ (part one chapter one). The metaphor uncovers a reflection of the protagonist characters emotions, It is clear to the responder that the protagonist character is extremely nervous. The metaphor effectively demonstrates the consequences of the governments control on individuals. It is clear to the responder that Winston’s civil liberties have been taken away....
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