Comparative Research on Secondary Education Between United Kingdom and China—Enlightenment for Chinese Educational Reforms

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Comparative Research on Secondary Education between United Kingdom and China—Enlightenment for Chinese Educational Reforms Nowadays, science and technology are the first productive forces in society, and talents as carriers of science and technology seem particularly important. Therefore, every country in the world pays great attention on developing the education. In China, the 9-year compulsory education has been implemented by Chinese governments since the promulgation of the “Compulsory Education Law of the People’s Republic of China” in 1986. It includes 6-year primary schooling and 3-year secondary education (Yang 57). Since the World War II, the United Kingdom has done extensive reformation on the education system. In the United Kingdom, the compulsory education includes 6-year primary schooling and 5-year secondary education. Students enter the stage of secondary education after graduating from primary school. Secondary education plays an extremely important role on people’s development. The secondary education in United Kingdom is quite different from that in China in many aspects. Students go to middle school and high school to acquire some certain knowledge in China. However, the publicly maintained system of education aims to give all students an education suited to their particular abilities. Through comparing the differences between United Kingdom and China on secondary education, Chinese can understand its education system better and get some enlightenment for cultivating talents. Furthermore, it can help deepen the educational reforms in China. Education system in China and United Kingdom are different, especially in secondary education and higher education. In China, secondary education is generally divided into academic secondary education and vocational/technical secondary education. It covers schooling from the age of 12 to the age of 18. In general, secondary education lasts five to seven years in China. Academic secondary education...
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