Comparative of Digital Modulation Techniques

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Comparative of Digital Modulation Techniques

By | Feb. 2013
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ISSN: 2277-3754
ISO 9001:2008 Certified International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT) Volume 2, Issue 2, August 2012

Comparative Study of Digital Modulation Techniques in WIMAX
Umesh Sharma
Abstract: - The migration to 4G networks will bring a new level of expectation to wireless communications. As after digital wireless revolution made mobile phones available for everyone, the higher speeds and packet delivery of 4G networks will make high quality multimedia available everywhere. The key to achieving this higher level of service delivery is a new air interface. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is an alternative wireless modulation technology to CDMA. OFDM is a digital modulation and multiplexing technique. In this paper, we have discussed various digital modulation techniques such as BPSK (2bits), QPSK (4 bits), QAM, 16 QAM and 64 QAM. We have designed simulation environment in MATLAB with various configurations of OFDM technique. The main objective of our work is to measure Bit Error Rate with different modulation schemes and come to the best configuration to achieve better utilization of bandwidth. We have studied existing configurations with analog and digital modulation techniques and compared the results. The driving force behind the need to satisfy this requirement is the explosion in mobile telephone, Internet and multimedia services coupled with a limited radio spectrum. Key Words:- OFDM; 3G; 4G; BPSK; QPSK; Bit Error Rate (BER); WIMAX; QAM.

I. INTRODUCTION Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is an alternative wireless modulation technology to CDMA. OFDM has the potential to surpass the capacity of CDMA systems and provide the wireless access method for 4G systems. OFDM is a modulation scheme that allows digital data to be efficiently and reliably transmitted over a radio channel, even in carriers. These carriers are regularly spaced in frequency, forming a block of spectrum. The frequency...
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