A STUDY OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SBI AND ICICI BANK DR. ANURAG. B. SINGH*; MS. PRIYANKA TANDON**
* Associate Professor LDC Institute of Technical Studies Soraon, Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh) India ** Assistant Professor LDC Institute of Technical Studies Soraon, Allahabad India _____________________________________________________________________________________
ABSTRACT Banking Sector plays an important role in economic development of a country. The banking system of India is featured by a large network of bank branches, serving many kinds of financial services of the people. The State Bank of India, popularly known as SBI is one of the leading bank of public sector in India. SBI has 14 Local Head Offices and 57 Zonal Offices located at important cities throughout the country. ICICI Bank is second largest and leading bank of private sector in India. The Bank has 2,533 branches and 6,800 ATMs in India. The purpose of the study is to examine the financial performance of SBI and ICICI Bank, public sector and private sector respectively. The research is descriptive and analytical in nature. The data used for the study was entirely secondary in nature. The present study is conducted to compare the financial performance of SBI and ICICI Bank on the basis of ratios such as credit deposit, net profit margin etc. The period of study taken is from the year 2007-08 to 2011-12. The study found that SBI is performing well and financially sound than ICICI Bank but in context of deposits and expenditure ICICI bank has better managing efficiency than SBI. KEYWORDS: Credit Deposit Ratio, ICICI, Net Profit Margin, Net worth Ratio, Advances, SBI. _________________________________________________________________________ INTRODUCTION An efficient banking system is recognized as basic requirement for the economic development of any economy. Banks mobilize the savings of community into productive channels. The banking system of India is featured by a large network of bank branches, serving many kinds of financial needs of the people. The State Bank of India, popularly known as SBI is one of the leading banks in India. The State Bank Group, with over 16,000 branches provides a wide range of banking products through its vast network of branches in India and overseas, including products aimed at Non-Resident Indians (NRIs). The headquarter of SBI is at Mumbai. SBI has 14 Local Head Offices and 57 Zonal Offices that are located at important cities throughout the country. It also has around 130
International Journal of Marketing, Financial Services & Management Research Vol.1 Issue 11, November 2012, ISSN 2277 3622 Online available at www.indianresearchjournals.com
branches out of the country. It has a market share among Indian commercial banks of about 20% in deposits and loans. The roots of the State Bank of India rest in the first decade of 19th century, when the Bank of Calcutta later on renamed the Bank of Bengal, was established on 2 June 1806. The Bank of Bengal was one of three Presidency banks, the other two being the Bank of Bombay (incorporated on 15 April 1840) and the Bank of Madras (incorporated on 1 July 1843). With the result of the royal charters all three Presidency banks were incorporated as joint stock companies and received the exclusive right to issue paper currency in 1861 with the Paper Currency Act. They retained this right till the formation of the Reserve Bank of India. The Presidency banks amalgamated on 27 January 1921, and renamed Imperial Bank of India. The Imperial Bank of India remained a joint stock company. The State Bank of India was constituted on 1st July 1955, pursuant to the State Bank of India Act, 1955 (the "SBI Act") for the purpose of creating a state-partnered and state-sponsored bank...