Comparative Analysis of Depression Among Housewives and Working Women in Bilal Colony of Korangi Area Karachi

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Comparative Analysis of Depression among Housewives and Working Women in Bilal Colony of Kornagi Area Karachi
Riaz. H. Soomro (Corresponding Author)
Assistant Professor
Hamdard Institute of Management Sciences and
PhD Research Scholar in
Hamdard Institute of Education and Social Sciences
Hamdard University
Karachi, Pakistan.
Dr. Fozia Riaz
MBA Graduate
Institute of Health Management
Dow University of Health Sciences
Karachi, Pakistan
Shahid Naved
Assistant Professor
Hamdard Institute of Management Sciences
Hamdard University
Karachi, Pakistan.
Dr. Fida Hussain Soomro
Pursuing M.Sc. in
Food and Nutrition
Allama Iqbal Open University
Pakistan
Abstract
Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric condition which affects women twice as compare to men. The women’s feeling of being deprived is more than that of men particularly in developing countries. It is therefore, this study was undertaken to compare the level of depression of the housewives and the working women. This study hypothesized that there is a no significant difference in the level of depressions of the housewives and working women of Bilal Colony Karachi. Bilal Colony is a peri-urban area of Korangi Karachi. The purposive sampling procedure was used for collecting data. The study was an exploratory and cross sectional. The depression scores as per Depression Anxiety Stress Scale were calculated. Findings of the study were that the houses hold average income of the housewives was more than that of working women but still the level of depression was much higher in the housewives. The housewives were found to have more average number of children as compare to working women. Having more average number of children was one of the causes of depression among housewives because they have the burden of handling more babies alone. The working women were found to have a supporting hand for this purpose. The housewives were less educated as compare to working women which was another reason for being depressed because education gives vision and better understanding of life. There was significant difference in the level of depression of working women and housewives. The level of depression among the housewives was twice as that of working women. Key words: Stress, Depression, Housewives, Working women

1. Introduction
By the year 2020, depression is predicted to be the second most important cause of disability throughout the world among the various causes like back pain, diabetes, arthritis, heart disease, cancer etc. (WHO, 2000) . The depression is most prevalent psychiatric condition which affects the women twice as compare to the men (Iowa, 2007). Since women’s feeling of being deprived is more than that of the men therefore this study was undertaken to compare the level of depression among the women. The comparative study of depression in ijcrb.webs.com

INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH IN BUSINESS COPY RIGHT © 2012 Institute of Interdisciplinary Business Research 3 5 5 MARCH 2012
VOL 3, NO 11
housewives and the working women was undertaken in this research. Women depression studies are very important as for as Pakistan is concerned because females population is more than male. This study was conducted in the Bilal Colony of Karachi. Bilal Colony is a peri-urban area which belongs to low socioeconomic class. This study hypothesized that there is a no significant difference in the level of depressions of the housewives and working women of Bilal Colony Karachi. Bilal Colony is a peri-urban area of Korangi Karachi. The objectives of this study were first, to study the demographic variables of the working women and the housewives, second, to determine level of depression in housewives, third, to determine level of depression in working women and finally to compare the level of depression in the housewives and working women. This research was based on primary data collected from Bilal Colony. This was an exploratory research and cross...
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