November 10, 2012
Charlemagne and King Louis IX
The Medieval Period was an era between the years of 500 A.D to 1500. During this time the Dark Ages was dominated by the religion of the Christian Church and was politically ruled by the pope. Feudalism was a also a great part in the Medieval Period and some followed the Feudal System. The political organization of this time had a lot of ties between the government and the Catholic church. During this time, many people were starting to convert into the christian faith of Orthodox as well as the Catholic faith and was spread through most of Europe. In this time period existed two great emperors known as King Louis IX and Charlemagne or Charles the Great. King Louis IX and Charlemagne were two emperors to have been known as two great emperors in the Middle Ages. Although both emperors were very similar to each other, they had their differences as well. King Louis IX and Charlemagne are socially similar in that both were devoted to having justice and peace among their people. King Louis IX and Charlemagne are politically similar in that both had systems that had ties with the church and protected their people. King Louis IX and Charlemagne are culturally different in that King Louis IX was a Catholic Christian and Charlemagne was an Orthodox Christian. These two medieval characters were very similar in terms of their social background. King Louis IX and Charlemagne were both socially similar in that both protected the church and were devoted in having justice among their people . King Louis IX had a Christian ideal of rulership. Louis believed in having the Jews converted, fighting for Christ in war, as well as supporting the eradication of heresy (Jordan, 231). Louis also established a code of conduct and administered that everyone were to be treated with justice and by the law (Goliber, 2012). In the 12th century, Louis placed a provincial administrative system that was based on a hierarchical structure, that had administers known as baillis. The king relied on these to protect him judicially, financially, and militarily in the balliages (Jordan, 48).Their courts of inquiry were designed to be accessible to the populace; they were held in convenient locations, and they particularly sought out testimony from the helpless, including widows, mothers and even juveniles (Jordan, 62). Louis dealt swiftly and directly with corrupt officials by replacing them or requiring them to pay compensation to those that had wronged and if the official had simply been a past royal order that turned out to be harmful, then Louis took the responsibility for the injustice and the compensation money would be taken from his own accounts (Jordan, 57). This shows the devotion of Louis to the fairness and justice among his people and making peace treaties with others. Charlemagne also believed this. Charlemagne was devoted into the idea of having justice and having a good government. He ordered that all the judges of the courts make their decisions based on the law (Deliyannis, 2012). Charlemagne introduced the administrative reforms throughout the lands he controlled, establishing key representatives in each region and holding a general assembly each year at his court, which was located in Aachen (BBC, 2012). Charlemagne also had a centralized state in his empire that had the system of the power and the political authority descend from the Emperor's imperium to his vassals. In this system, each count was in charge of an administrative district, in which he governed with the help of lesser officials. Charlemagne therefore created a group of special envoys, missi dominici, who inquired into abuses in the kingdom. He also maintained a small group of warriors, the vassi dominici, who helped him enforce imperial authority (ebscohost.com “Charlemagne”, 2011). He also standardized measures and custom dues, which initiated legal reforms (BBC, 2012). These two medieval...
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