Community Policing

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Nicole McAfee
Community Policing Chapter 3

It is important to be a part of strong community. Communities that have strong values usually have a strong foundation against crime and work together to lower crime rates in their area. Community refers to the specific geographic area served by a police department or law enforcement agency and the individuals, organizations and agencies within that area. Community also refers to a feeling of be3longing a sense of integration, a sense of shared values and a sense of “we-ness”. Research strongly suggests that a sense of community is the glue that binds communities to maintain order and provides the foundation for effective community action. It also suggest that shared values, participation in voluntary associations, spiritual or faith based connectedness and positive interaction with neighbors indicate a strong sense of community and correlate with participation in civic and government activities ( Correia, 2000, p.9).In the United States individual freedom and rights are balanced with the need to establish and maintain order. The United States was born out to desire for freedom. In fact, former President Jimmy Carter noted: “America did not invent human rights. In a very real sense, it is the other way around. Human rights invented America.” Although traditional policing has most often dealt with high crime levels by stricter enforcement (zero tolerance), “get tough” policies and a higher police presence, police usually have little ability to change things for the better in the long run. Cracking down on crime usually results in displacement. The community in which the crackdown occurs may be temporally safer; however, forced by the increased police presence and increased likelihood of arrest, criminals usually just move their operations, often a few blocks or miles away, making adjacent communities less safe. Traditional police tactics often fail because the causes of crime in communities are complicated and linked...
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