Canada has always been viewed as a nation where everyone is welcome. The diversity amongst its people is why our nation is viewed threw out the world as a tossed salad rather than the American melting pot. We are seen as a country of greater opportunity, a better lifestyle, and a place where families can come and start a new life amongst the people. Canada as a nation has adapted to other cultures and has learned from them. Not only do we embrace the cultural diversity in our communities, but we put forth all our efforts in order to help bring it into all areas of the Canadian environment where everyone can be treated equally and fair. Just like our country has adapted, policing in Canada has to do the same. No longer can our front line officers be seen as individuals who are stuck in the past and be seen as not being able to adapt and understand the different cultures and the differences that are amongst its people. Sir Robert Peel said it best when he mandated his 10 principles "7. Police, at all times, should maintain a relationship with the public that gives reality to the historic tradition that the police are the public and the public are the police; the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full-time attention to duties which are incumbent upon every citizen in the interests of community welfare and existence." (Peelian Principles, 2007)This essay will examine how community policing is beneficial not only to the community as a whole but also to all the officers that work within it them. It will prove how community policing has changed the barriers in communication, partnership and how it will continue developing in the future.
Since Canada is a multicultural nation it has many different people that do not speak English or French as a first language. Stats Canada has reported the there are "more than 100 languages in completing the census question on mother tongue. The list includes languages long associated with immigration to Canada: German, Italian, Ukrainian, Dutch, Polish, and so on." (Statistics Canada, 2001) To those that do choose to immigrate to Canada and are not capable of speaking neither of the two native languages it gives them a harder time in communicating with the different people that live in Canada and adapting to the new environment that they are being exposed to. Communication is an important aspect in any community and to anyone that wants to survive within it. Without proper communication members of the community would not be able to interact, and solve any problems that might arise as a result. The lack of visible front line minority officers and the lack of officers that cannot speak a second language other than French is a problem when it comes to communication and community relations between both parties. As a result of this lack of communication, the individuals that cannot speak either of the two native languages will choose not turn to the police if there is ever an event where an individual needs help.
This just shows why communication and community policing is an important to the police force. The police services have to reflect the individuals that live in the community that is why "in the late 80s, most police jurisdictions in Canada shifted from an enforcement to a community responsive service model." (Community and Policing in Partnership, 2004) This was a result of the federal government developing the Multiculturalism Directorate in 1984 which was "a national strategy on race relations to eliminate racial discrimination in society's key institutions. This included the creation of a police-minority program which has concentrated on a variety of initiatives ranging from the preparation and publication of a police intercultural training manual to the development of minority recruitment guidelines and the sponsorship of regional police-minority symposia." (Role Of The Police, 1997) This new...