Community Policing evolved from a desperate shout from the public for law enforcement hears their needs for a stationary presence in high crime areas. While some officers practice traditional motorized patrol, consistent with Reform Era practices, other officers are encouraged to engage in proactive problem solving and foster improved community relations. It is unclear, however, whether genuine differences exist between those in community policing and those in more traditional police roles(Pelfrey,2004). They have greatly improved the quality of police services in our country, as well as the public understands of this complex profession (Kerlikowske,2004). Community Policing Philosophy
The development of community policing was all contingent on if the community residents embraced the shared responsibility with police personnel. The community policing philosophy stresses that the responsibility for the maintenance of order in a community must be shared by both the police and members of that community. Shared responsibility insisted frequent and sustained communication, which is crucial in building mutual trust and cooperation between community residents and police personnel. In addition, shared responsibility requires that community residents become more actively involved in crime prevention through activities such as reporting crime and organizing community watch or patrol groups. Shared responsibility also requires police to respond to the crime-related problems that community residents have identified as important. Finally, police must demonstrate respect for all community residents. Shared responsibility typically translates into officers being given the time to attend community meetings, conduct foot patrols, and otherwise informally interact with community residents. It also means that officers are assigned "permanent" bears so that they can get to know the community and the community can get to know them (Rohe, Adam & Arcury 2001). Community policing...
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