Community in Psychology

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Study guide for community psychology

1. A count of the current number of drug addicts in a community is a measure of

2. A person who says, “everyone knows that…” is referring to – anecdotal evidence

3. A placebo is – the controlled group gets the placebo; doesn’t get TX but similar side effects

4. A positive correlation is a reflection of one dependent variable-

5. A powerful source of solidarity in communities as seen in the Harvard narrative is

6. A researcher found that clients who were randomly assigned to same-sex groups participated more in group therapy sessions than clients who were randomly assigned to coed groups. In this experiment, the dependent variable was- how much they talked and felt comfortable in the therapy session

7. According to the authors of Better Together in making their argument for community psychology, the advantage of using stories – we identify with stories and they help us understand

8. Anecdotal evidence is weak and should probably be dismissed unless- until there is better evidence to rely on

9. Another drawback of social capital common in community relationships is-

10. Any variable an experimenter manipulates is a/an (Independent) variable

11. Any variable that is allowed to vary freely is a/an variable

12. Communities that are connected by relationships of affinity rely more on (Bonding) social capital than (Bridging) social capital

13. Communities that are more heterogeneous rely more on (Bridging) social capital than communities that are homogeneous

14. Community psychology can be seen as a somewhat contradictory term since communities are usually built upon (Trust) whereas the science of psychology is generally built on (Skepticism)

15. Community psychology tends to focus on – population diversity

16. Correlations are relationships between dependent variables and independent variable

17. Epidemiology approaches include measures like prevalence and incidence
18. Ethnographic studies tend to be more qualitative

19. Evaluating community based programs is frequently difficult because communities are based on trust and understanding

20. Four hundred years ago, auditory hallucinations would NOT have been attributed to mental illness ; but caused by something spiritual or natural

21. Freud’s major work is considered to be The Interpretation Dreams which is essentially therapy

22. If subjects in the treatment group received aspirin to relieve their headaches the placebo effect would be apparent if the controlled group experienced similar relief

23. If we suppose that homelessness is correlated with drug addiction we can conclude that: homelessness is associated with drug addiction, but not the cause.

24. If we wanted to use an experimental design to test the effectiveness of the Chicago Branch Library example the treatment condition would best be described as

25. If we wanted to use an experimental design to test the effectiveness of the Chicago Branch Library example the control condition would best be described as

26. In Better Together the authors argue that organizing people is about building relationships (q.3)

27. In contemporary psychology, auditory hallucinations are most likely to be attributed to mental illness

28. In evaluating the validity of our experiences we generally prefer an experimental design because

29. In their book Better Together the authors argue that building relationship is more about: meetings (q.3)

30. Of the following, the type of issue that is LEAST likely to be addressed by community psychology is

31. Of the following, the type of issue that is most likely to be addressed by community psychology is

32. One advantage of social capital over economic capital is that

33. One drawback of social capital inherent in community...
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