Community Health Reflection Nur 405

Topics: Nursing, Health, Health care Pages: 7 (1285 words) Published: June 8, 2015
Role of Community and Public Health
Community has a great effect on the health and well-being of the residents that live there. It is important that residents are aware of community resources available, as well as take advantage of them to benefit themselves, and possibly reduce visits to the doctors and promote their health. Community and public health nursing is readily available in all communities, especially that of V.S., which is North Hollywood. The six basic elements of nursing practice incorporated in community health programs and services are: (1) promotion of healthful living 
(2) prevention of health problems 
(3) treatment of disorders 
(4) rehabilitation 
(5) evaluation and 
(6) research (“Current Nursing”, 2013). The role of community and public health nursing in this community’s well-being through exercise classes, senior centers for development of intellectual and social aspects, and home health services that offer nurse, physical therapy, and home aids to the patients home, as ordered by MDs. In the case of V.S.’s community, these services that the form of the YMCA for senior-aimed group exercise classes, Shiraz ADHC and North Hollywood Senior center for recreational and daily health maintenance, as well as communication and relaxation with peers, and AGM Home Health Care as one of the home health service that serves the community. With these available resources, and many more, residents can take advantage of self-health promotion, education, and have places to develop intellectual, interactive, and recreational activities. Cultural Diversity

Cultural diversity plays a big role in the types of community centers and resources available. For example, because there is a large minority immigrant population of the Russian and Armenian descent in the area, having Shiraz ADHC, cater to that population makes the transition easier and their residence in the area smoother as well. As far as the YMCA, most of the attendees and instructors are of the Hispanic descent, and speak the language, which helps the attendees who are Hispanic immigrants easily understand and want to attend the classes available. The North Hollywood Senior Center takes place at a nearby park, and has a variety of nationalities and vulnerable populations such as the elderly and low income populations, and provides recreational activities and community connections. AGM Home Health Care offers services to the area, and outside, and serves the vulnerable population of the elderly, frail, and knowledge deficient on self-care. Overall, there are many community resources that reach out to vulnerable populations and involve cultural diversity, making it easier for different types of residents to be accustomed to life in the community. Epidemiological influences

Epidemiological influences within V.S.’s community involve abundance of fast food chains and restaurants, and some smoking around the community, that can cause for second hand smoke and cardiovascular and respiratory harm. According to “World Health Organization” (2014) epidemiology is “ the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events (including disease), and the application of this study to the control of diseases and other health problems”. With the immediate surroundings of V.S.’s dwelling having many restaurants, cafes, and food chains, it makes nutrition difficult to keep control of, which not only influences diabetic status, but weight, cardiovascular, and over all well-being as well. It is important to instruct patients that have special diets especially, about the need for fresh vegetables and foods to promote proper metabolic processes. Also, avoiding areas of smoke and hazards will greatly improve respiratory and cardiovascular function, and decrease patients’ and residents risks of complications related to them. Healthy People 2020

Healthy People 2020 helps sets milestones and goals for the overall health and wellbeing of the nation. In the...
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