May 27, 2012
CJS/230 – Introduction to Corrections
Community corrections programs are to oversee offenders outside of jail or prison, and are administered by agencies or courts with the legal authority to enforce sanctions. Such community corrections programs are probation and parole. There are also sub-programs that are parts of community corrections; such programs are drug-involved offenders, sex offender programs, and electronic monitoring technologies.
Probation programs are correctional programs that are supervised within the community rather than jails or prisons. Parole programs for offenders are periods of conditional, supervised release from prison. By using such programs as these, community corrections become an integral component of correctional programs within the criminal justice process. Community correction staff can develop and administer contracts for community based correctional programs.
For affective community corrections to work, programs would have to direct applications to transition the offender from prison life to life within a community. In 1965, Congress passed the Federal Prisoner Rehabilitation Act. This Act provided options to the offender; such as the programs listed above. Many of these programs or treatment centers can provide the community with less financial strain. There are programs like work release, which will have the offender work for wages to pay for the costs of living within a community outside of prison and jail walls. Offenders also are ordered to live within community residential centers. Offenders are housed and given aid in purposes with offenders on prerelease programs, educational release programs, along with offenders on work release. Each offender will live within these communities under varying degrees of restriction and will work at full-time jobs, for which officials of these community living centers place most in. Community corrections as a...