Community Based- System for Disaster Management

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International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

Vol. 1 No. 7 [Special Issue –June 2011]

Taking Community-Based System to Malaysian Communities for Disaster Management Binyamin Ajayi1 Department of Information Systems Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology International Islamic University, Malaysia E-mail: biyi_ajayi2000@yahoo.co.uk, Phone +60129444745 Bakhtiyar Badi Department of Information Systems Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology International Islamic University, Malaysia E-mail: bahb1979@yahoo.com, Phone: +60149683545 Mustafa Al-ani Department of Information Systems Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology International Islamic University, Malaysia E-mail: mustafa81_alani@yahoo.com, Phone: +60102044421 Abdul Rahman Dahlan Department of Information Systems Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology International Islamic University, Malaysia E-mail: arad@iium.edu.my, Phone: +60192202032 Abstract This study explores the efforts, Malaysia, is putting in place, using the pervasiveness of ICT in managing disasters; both naturally and man-made. These efforts had given birth to various agencies and initiatives from prediction/mitigation to control and management but yet the loss of lives and properties during such incidents, which are bound to happen, has been a call for concern. In fact records of such disasters kept growing when one curiously views recent flooding in Malaysia. A collaborative system initiative is expected to co-exist within the government agencies on disaster management where expertise, resources and information sharing will be enabled on a real time basis. The community through the institution of the mosque was brought on board into such system as they are seen to be the closest to the populace. These steps will no doubt make the perpetual efforts of government agencies to yield the required results. We thus opined that training these communities, which is expected to institute a comity of volunteers, in the science of how to gather information and make good use of same in the event of the disaster occurrence will go a long way in making the tax payer money worthwhile.

Keywords: 1

Disaster Management, Community-Based Information System, collaborative system, Flood, Balanced Scorecard

Introduction

There is no doubt that organisations have recognised their dependence on information technology (IT) in order to achieve their mission and goals and to strategically position themselves for competitive advantage. Hence, IT departments have moved from a commodity service provider to strategic partner (Venkatraman, 1999) and it is therefore, understandable that IT services availability have become „mission critical‟ needed especially in areas such as finance, health, defence, and environmental management. Thus IT is considered to be of great importance. Information System now assumes the bedrock of all organisations including governmental sectors; so much that today‟s world has become IT-based. By this, it is meant that IT is now been deployed in all aspects of government organisations and businesses and this is also the case in disaster management. The ability to use the facilities provided by this technology places a nation and any organisations for that matter, in a vantage position in decision making which is an important aspect in the day to day running of affairs. 1

Corresponding author: Binyamin Ajayi

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The Special Issue on Behavioral and Social Science

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It is no gainsaying the fact that disaster, both natural and man-made has become a phenomenon we have to live by. Though we now explore both the ocean deep down and the sky into the firmament to the extent of thinking of having a holiday or retreat therein, yet existence on the mother land which is our habitation has been quiet challenging and daunting. Thus, it is no more news that year in and out one...
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