Community Attitude Towards Female Education

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Of ACADEMIC RESEARCH

Vol. 3. No.1. January, 2011, Part III

COMMUNITY ATTITUDE TOWARDS FEMALE EDUCATION
Dr. Saqib Shahzad , Riasat Ali , Muhammad Zaighem Qadeer , Hukamdad , Muhammad Saeed Khan Institute of Education & Research, University of Science & Technology, Bannu, 2 Project director CIEDA Ministry of Education, Islamabad 3 Department of Education, NUML Islamabad, Pakistan 4 Department of Education Hazara University, Haripur Campus Haripur, (KPK), (PAKISTAN) E-mails: drsaqib577@yahoo.com, drriasatali@yahoo.com, zaigham_70@yahoo.com, hukamdad@gmail.com, saeedagha@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Education is basic right of each individual. Provision of educational facilities to all its masses is the obligation of society. In social perspective of the society, education is directly related to the development of the society. Females are the half population of the country. If we can not educate this youth part of our population, we can not develop our country on sound bases. The major purpose of the study was to investigate the community attitude towards female education in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The main objectives of the study were: To know the views of parents about the education of girls. To investigate the attitude of community about female education. To explore the reason of girls drop out from schools. To suggest some measures for the promotion of female education. All the parents (both male and female) of the Khyber Pakhtunkhaw were treated as population of the study. Two hundred parents were selected as sample of the study using convenient sampling technique from district Bannu. Data was collected through administering the questionnaires validated through the pilot testing. For that purpose, the researcher himself visited homes, mohallahas and villages for the collection of data from parents (both male, female) and girl’s dropouts. Data collected through the above-mentioned research instruments was tabulated, analyzed and interpreted by using simple percentage in the light of the objectives of the study. In the light of the conclusion of the study it is recommended that there is a dire need of motivational campaign for the spread of female education, for this purpose electronic media needs to be utilized for motivating the parents to send their daughters to school. It is also recommended that poor parents should be given stipend so they may be able to educate their daughters and to overcome the social problems. More institutions of higher education should be established for female education only. Key words: Social perspective, Community attitude, Basic right 1. INTRODUCTION The education is a basic right of each individual. Provision of educational facilities to all its masses is the obligation of society in social perspective of the society. Education is directly related to the development of the society. Education is a process through which a nation develops its self-consciousness by developing the selfconscious of individuals who compose it. It is not a mere public instruction rather it is social institution, which provides mental, physical, ideological and moral training to the individuals of the nation so that to enable them to have full consciousness of their mission, of their purpose in the life and then to achieve that purpose (Saeed, 1987). The empowerment of women is recognized as the central issue for determining the status of women. Among the socially disadvantages groups, women are the victim of gender discrimination and deprivation. Despite progress in implementing women’s empowered and gender equality programs in national plans, there were still a long way to go to ensure full gender equality. Any development efforts to be sustainable should pursue policies which would be helpful in eradication such discrimination and deprivation based on gender as inherent gender inequalities with in a families would fail to produce proper development of the society and hence of the country as a whole....
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