Communist Party of China

Topics: People's Republic of China, Communist Party of China, Deng Xiaoping Pages: 7 (2145 words) Published: March 1, 2011
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Although nominally it exists alongside the United Front,[1] in practice, the CPC is also the only party of the PRC,[2] maintaining a unitary government centralising the state, military, and media.[3] The legal power of the Communist Party is guaranteed by the PRC constitution.[3]

The party was founded on July 1st 1921 in Shanghai.[4] After a lengthy civil war, the party defeated its primary rival, the Kuomintang (KMT), and expanded into all of mainland China by 1949.[5] The Kuomintang retreated to the island of Taiwan, which it still retains to this day.

The PRC is a single-party state,[2] and the CPC is the dominant entity of the government of the People's Republic of China. The party has fluctuated between periods of reform and political conservatism throughout its history. In the modern party, the topic of reform and liberalisation remains a contentious issue heavily debated among top officials.[6] On one side, Wu Bangguo, the head of the National People's Congress, has said that: "We will never simply copy the system of Western countries or introduce a system of multiple parties holding office in rotation."[7] On the other, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao has stressed the need of reform, stating that: "Without the safeguard of political reform, the fruits of economic reform would be lost and the goal of modernization would not materialize."[8]

The CPC is the world's largest political party,[9] claiming nearly 78 million members[10] at the end of 2009 which constitutes about 5.6% of the total population of mainland China.

Contents [hide]
1 Organization
1.1 Factions
1.2 Membership
2 History
3 Political ideology and stances
3.1 Regional corruption and reform
3.2 Relationship with competing ideologies
3.2.1 Religion
4 Current leadership
4.1 Historical leaders
5 References
6 External links

[edit] Organization This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2010)

The party's organizational structure was destroyed during the Cultural Revolution and rebuilt afterwards by Deng Xiaoping, who subsequently initiated "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" and brought all state apparatuses back under the rule of the CPC.

Theoretically, the party's highest body is the National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which meets at least once every five years. The primary organization of power in the Communist Party which is detailed in the party constitution include:

Central Committee, which includes:
The General Secretary, which is the highest ranking official within the Party and usually the Chinese Paramount leader. The Politburo, consisting of 24 full members (including the members of the Politburo Standing Committee) and one alternate; see current members of the Politburo for a complete list. The Politburo Standing Committee, which currently consists of nine members; see current members of the Politburo Standing Committee for a complete list. The Secretariat, the principal administrative mechanism of the CPC, headed by the General Secretary of the Central Committee; The Central Military Commission (a parallel organization of the government institution of the same name); The Central Discipline Inspection Commission, which is directly under the National Congress and on the same level with the Central Committee, charged with rooting out corruption and malfeasance among party cadres. Other central organizations include:

General Office[11]
Central Organization Department;
Propaganda Department
International Liaison Department; and
United Front Department
In addition, there are numerous commissions and leading groups, the most important of which are:

Central Political and Legislative...
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