Communism and Civilizations

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World politics in the later twentieth century is mainly characterized by an immense degree of transnationalism. Transnationalism recognizes a trend in world politics. Transnationalism thrives in the modern world in which transport and communication have begun to play a qualitatively different role in world politics than in the past. Transnationalism in itself does not constitute a theory. It is not just a phenomenon of non-state action that accompanies international relations, but is also a pervasive and politically salient phenomenon most likely to develop rapidly under conditions created by modern communications. Transnationalism, says Huntingon, is the American mode of expansion. It is nearly impossible to avoid the question of whether transnationalism is more important in world politics than ever before. Transnational relationships do play an increasing role, and is higher than at any point since World War I. Transnationalism is the "engine of the merging social structure of the world." (Clarke 151) Samuel P. Huntington was the most important foreign policy intellectual in the United States during the 1990's. Huntington saw that despite the economic and cultural globalization, forceful resistance remained. Divisions among people tend to be predominantly cultural. Principal conflicts of global politics occur between nations and groups of different civilizations. According to Huntington, the clash of civilizations will dominate global politics, where civilizations will inevitably clash—mainly due to cultural differences. I tend to disagree with Huntington due to the following characteristics of transnationalism. First, the role and function of the nation-state in international politics has changed dramatically over the years. New groups have emerged, such as terrorist groups, multinational corporations or hijackers. Even non-military and non-security issues have emerged—population, dependency of Third World countries on the developed, pollution and depletion...
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