Sir Tanveer Ahmad
Institute of Southern Punjab Multan
COMPETENCE: Ability to satisfy complex demands.
COMMUNICATION: Communication is commonly deﬁned as "the interchange of thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or signs". COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE: Ability to use the language correctly and appropriately to accomplish communication goals. The desired outcome of the language learning process is the ability to communicate competently, not the ability to use the language exactly as a native speaker does. (English Varieties).
History and development of different Theories:
Noam Chomsky (1965):
The idea was originally derived from Chomsky’s distinction between competence and performace. Language is a psychological process that is bornwith the person who has innate knowledge of grammar. (performance and competence) Performance and competence:
A person’s actual use of language; how a person uses his knowledge of a language in producing and understanding sentences. Competence:
A person’s knowledge of a language; People may have the competence to produce a long sentence but when they try to use it, they restrict it. For example, listeners might forget what has been said if the sentence is too long. Due to performance factors such as lack of attention, nervousness or excitement, their actual use of language may not reflect their competence. The errors they make are described as examples of performance. Dell Hymes (1972):
Chomsky’view too narrow to describe lan Communicative competence is that aspect of our competence that enables us to convey and interpret messages and to negotiate meanings guage...