Communication Studies

Topics: Gramophone record, Music industry, EMI Pages: 5 (1352 words) Published: April 7, 2009

Music has appeared for a long time, and has become a necessary leisure for human being. The origin of music is not occurred before the recorded history. Some scholars point out that the roots of music are probably occurring sounds and rhythms spontaneously. Human music may reflect these phenomena by using patterns, repetition and tonality. Some cultures have their unique means of imitating natural sounds, even today. It can be assume that first musical instrument is human voice, for example, singing, humming and whistling to clicking, coughing and yawning. Then to the ancient music which is the music developed in literate cultures. Ancient music was developed among different geographical region and musical systems such as Persia, India, China, Greece, Rome and Egypt. It is created by characterization of the basic audible tones and scales. It may have been transmitted through oral or written systems. And when the turn of 20th century, classical music was characteristically late Romantic in style, while at the same time the Impressionist movement, spearheaded by Claude Debussy was taking form. At this moment, music is in a modern era. The most outstanding feature during this time period of classical music was the increased use of dissonance(Dissonance in music are properties of an interval or chord).Therefore, the twentieth century is sometimes called the "Dissonant Period" of classical music. At the following period, Contemporary classical music comes out , it can be understood as belonging to a period that started in the mid-1970s with the retreat of modernism. Music has a different form of expression during every time of period. It can be developed into various type of form such as Jazz, blues, soul, hip-pop and so on. There are many new inventions due to the progress of technology which can make our life become more convenient and easier. Some people agree that new technologies make our life become better while some disagree with that. Even in the music industry, some analysts believe that too many artificial elements will conceal the music itself. We can barely hear the music which is natural voice nowadays. Here comes a controversial question: The music industry is good or bad for listener. There is a debate for it.

The Industrialization of Popular Music

In the past, singing in the public is not allowed. “Singing was too personal, too exposed an activity.”(Frith, 1992, p.49) Singing is the most natural reaction for people, we can sing without second thought. We can sing, dance with the rhythms in the dance floor, and whistle while we are doing stuff. Because making music is our human natural. However, people today always hear the music which is “manufactured”. Most of music we hear today is not the natural sound of music but an elaborate industrial process in a money making system. Music industry is considered a bad thing for music and for us. People can obtain this concept by reading any pop history. “The industrialization of music means a shift from active musical production to passive pop consumption.” (Frith, 1992, p.50)Our general musical skill is decline. The disc players and tape decks are the only instrument that people can play today. People’s abilities of playing instrument are decrease because of new technology. We can acquire the record we love through cash transaction, songs and singers are admired blindly. They are being made magically. The invention of Edison’s phonograph presents the climax of rock and roll music. The concept of rock and roll was evolutionary not revolutionary. There are three major issues that can be discussed through the history of music industry.

The effects of Technological Change

In 19th century, the recording industry appeared, but after the 1914-1918 war, the gramophone record took its place. The environment of entertainment had a deeply influence by the new media socially and economically. The music publishing and piano-making empires are...
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