Communication Is Complex

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Table of Contents
Definitions of Key Terms4
Communication Elements4
Self Perception8
Intercultural Communication9
Barriers to Effective Listening12
Critical Listening13
Verbal Communication13
Nonverbal communication14
Types of nonverbal communication14
Interpersonal relationships16
Group Leadership17

‘A basic concept of contemporary communication theory is that a speaker does not merely respond to the manifest content of a message, but to his or her interpretation of the speaker’s intention or meaning. I other words, I respond to what I think you meant by what you said. Such factors as the setting and occasion, the language variety or dialect, and the interpersonal relationship between speaker and listener influence message interpretation and response’ Complexities exist in the whole communication chain, at every level, there is bound to be a misunderstanding and a misconception. From the extract above, it is very clear that the listener will decide to interpret what he/she thinks the message means depending on variety of factors that surround the listener. ‘Communication is defined as any process in which people share information, ideas, and feelings. It involves not only the spoken and written word but also the body language, personal mannerisms, and style, anything that adds meaning to a message.’ Communication is a complex issue in every society. It cuts across various cultures, barriers, languages, societies, platforms. The analysis will focus on the following sections; the elements of communication, self perception, intercultural communication, the art of listening, verbal and non verbal communication, interpersonal relationships, communication at work, group leadership, and the informative speech. Challenges and the complexities arising at each level will be critically interrogated and exposed. Definitions of Key Terms


Communication Elements
From the definition, we can derive that effective or ideal communication involves more than one person, and that messages of some sort are being exchanged using a recognizable mode of communication by all parties involved. Every pertinent detail in the communication process make up the elements of communication as shown in the sketch below. Setting Channel Message feedback

Sender-Receiver NOISE Sender-Receiver

Message Feedback Channel Setting Fig 1. Elements of Communication


When two or more people are sharing information, they both are sending and receiving at the same time, sometimes without even saying a word but by simply sending and receiving certain signals. Listening makes one the receiver and at the point when you respond, you become the sender and this interchanging and complex role shifting happens very fast. Non verbal sending and receiving is just as complex. A child could be crying (sending a message) and the parent put her arm around her for reassurance (receiving), when the parent pats the child’s back (sending), the child calms down (receiving). The attitude of the people involved will largely determine the quality of their sending and receiving and the strength of their signals may affect how the messages are received. Messages

a.Everything that is communicated is categorized into symbols. A symbol is something that stands for something else. Symbols are everywhere around us. The eagle in the United States stands for that country, the Statue of Liberty stands for freedom. The complex issue is that; any...
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