Communication and Language

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Communication and Language development
The development in children of a young ages increases in the first few years of their life. A child aged between 0-3 their language and communication development they begin at the pre-linguistic stages starting with cooing which usually comes at around 6 weeks; this is where a baby makes cooing noises to show pleasure. These early sounds are different from the sounds they make later on which is mainly because the mouth is still developing. At 6-9 months they begin babbling; blending consonants and vowels together to make sounds that are tuneful e.g. ba, ma, da. By this time they have learnt important and essential communication skills, including eye contact, recognising some emotions and responding to them. Then at the 9-10 month stage they produce a range of phonemes or sounds however they become more limited and reflects the phonemes used in the language they are hearing. At this stage they can understand 17 or more words, they have now learnt more communication skills for example if they point or raise their voice they can attract adults attention. They can understand quite a lot of what is being said to them through word recognition and reading faces. Now when they reach the 12 months mark they repeatedly use one or more sounds which have meaning to them. These ‘first’ words are often unclear and so gradually emerge, usually one sound but use it regularly in similar situations. Then as they become older (13-18 months) they start to use one word in a number of different ways. They use holophrases to make their limited vocabulary more useful to them. One word is used in many different situations, but the context and tone of voice helps the adult understand what the toddler means. Usually by 18 months they now have between 10 and 15 words. At this time they have fully grasped how to get attention and know how to make adults laugh. The 18-24 month is the two word utterances (telegraphic speech) stage, where they grasp the key words in a sentence which they put together creating a mini sentence for example ‘dada gone’ or ‘mama come’. When they come into the 24-36 months age range a large increase in children’s vocabulary combined with increasing use of sentences. This is the point in children’s language where it seems to evolve rapidly. Children at this age begin to learn words at a rapid pace, at the same time as this the child uses more complex structures in their speech. Plurals and negatives are added for example ‘nothing here!’ Social and Emotional development

Social and emotional development often supports young peoples and children’s success, security and happiness. It is being recognised more and more as an essential area that affects behaviour and achievement. A strong starting point for this development is early on in a child’s life as they embark on their first strong relationships those with their parents. These are usually life-long and are now believed that these relationships can in fact form the basis for later life. At 6 weeks to 3 months they are at the indiscriminate attachments, this is where babies begin to be attracted to human voices and faces. Their first smiles begin at around six weeks. At 3 months to 7/8 months they are still in the indiscriminate attachments stage except they are now learning to distinguish between faces showing apparent pleasure when they have seen familiar faces. They prefer to be in human contact than left alone and are happy to be handled by strangers; this is why the stage is named indiscriminate attachments. At 7-8 months they reach the specific attachments stage, they begin to miss key people in their life and show signs of distress, for example crying when they leave the room. Most babies always seem to make one particularly strong attachment, usually the mother. They also become weary of strangers even when they are with their ‘key person/people.’ If the stranger has some form of direct contact with them for instance...
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