Communication and Crisis Paper
University of Phoenix
August 6, 2012
According to this Scenario:
In 1979, the Three Mile Island nuclear reactor malfunctioned, releasing radiation into the environment. There were no immediate deaths or injuries resulting from the incident; however, the accident drew much media attention and created concerns in the local area and beyond. The major forms of communication used to report these events were the three major television networks and local radio stations. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina devastated the New Orleans area and immersed a significant part of the city in water. Local citizens and their families were affected. In contrast to the Three Mile Island incident, newer communication technologies, such as the Internet, were used to disseminate information.
According to official reports being received on the Hurricane Katrina incident, there have been reports that the public water supplies of several towns in the area becoming contaminated with a life-threatening biological agent. There will be several steps that will have to be taken into consideration to inspect the water within the town limits, but also within several lives to ensure safety. It is very important that no one is to drink or use the water. In contrast to the Three Mile incident from 1979, the Hurricane Katrina immersed a significant part of their city in water. Locals were affected; many will have no place to go. This incident may have been an act of terrorism and careful precautions will be taken to prove if it was or not. . We will continue to use newer communication technologies to communicate updates. There will be several groups involved in investigating this matter to determine if it is indeed a crisis situation. The several groups will work internally and externally to investigate this crisis. There will be spokespersons, more than one who will be your leaders, or who to answer to during working on this. Some of the organizations involved and who will be helping with this will be the Department of Health and Environmental Control, the Center for Disease Control, Poison control, possibly the President of United States, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. It is very important that the President is involved and verifies that this is not terrorism, for a biological agent could cause much harm to the community. The U.S. ARMY can be brought in to test the water in their medical testing facility. “Since the 1980s, terrorist organizations have become users of biological agents.” “Biological weapons include any organism or toxin found in nature that can be used to incapacitate, kill, or otherwise impede an adversary. Biological weapons are characterized by low visibility, high potency, substantial accessibility, and relatively easy delivery.” (Dire &Darling, 2011) “Emergency response strategies for biological, chemical, nuclear, or radiological terrorist events should be based on scientifically established exposure limits for all the agents or materials involved. In the case of a radiological terrorist event, emergency response guidelines have been worked out. In the case of a terrorist event with the use of chemical warfare agents the situation is not that clear, though the new guidelines and clean-up values are being generated based on re-evaluation of toxicological and risk data.” ( Sabelnikov, , Zhukov, , & Kempf, 2006). The potential spectrum of bioterrorism ranges from hoaxes and use of non–mass casualty agents by individuals or small groups to state-sponsored terrorism that employs classic biological warfare (BW) agents and can produce mass casualties. Such scenarios would present serious challenges for patient treatment and for prophylaxis of exposed persons. Environmental contamination could pose continuing threats.” (Dire &Darling, 2011) There can be challenges associated with communicating...