Communication

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COMMUNICATION AND STUDY SKILLS (COM152): GROUP PRESENTATION
TOPIC: EXPOSITORY AND NARRATIVE WRITING
EXPOSITORY WRITING

DEF: Expository writing is a type of writing where the purpose is to inform, describe, explain, or define the author’s subject to the reader. A well-written exposition remains focused on its topic and lists events in chronological order. OR

Expository essays are simply essays that explain something with FACTS, as opposed to OPINION.

ATTRIBUTES OF EXPOSITORY WRITING
Keywords such as; first, after, next, then, last, before that, and…. Usually signal sequential writing. •The use of first person pronouns should be avoided.
Expository essays should not reveal the opinion of the writer.

EXAMPLES INCLUDE;
Newspapers
Some magazines
Text books
Samples of expository essays include:
Essays that described how to do something.
Essays that analyze events, ideas, objects, or written works. •Essays that describe a process.
Essays that explain/describe an historical event.
USE OF EXPOSITORY WRITING IN SOCIAL SCIENCES

ADVANTAGES OF EXPOSITORY WRITING
Useful in communicating step by step instructional information as well as describing a difficult subject. •It is a format that allows the reader to easily follow and understand instructions that can serve as functional knowledge of a topic. •The clear and concise style of the writing allows the reader to utilize the information in an unambiguous, straightforward way. •The data driven, factually based presentation of the information assures the reader that the information is based on experience and is objective DISADVANTAGES OF EXPOSITORY WRITING

The chronological nature of an expository explanation may not be suitable for the non-sequential nature of events •An expository history may be described to explain the cause and effect sequence of an event, however, that history is typically only one of many possible histories. •The nature of an expository text might place the author, and subsequently the reader, in the position of understanding the topic through the customs of the expository text. This could include forcing a topic into a singular, cause and effect sequence, as well as a writing style that infers an absolute objectivity free from opinion •It can also result in a selective and narrow understanding of the topic explored. •Students who are taught to research and write exclusively in the expository method may be limited by a singular approach to research NARRATIVE WRITING

DEF: A narrative is a constructive format (as a work of speech, writing, song, film, television, video games, photography or theatre) that describes a sequence of non-fictional or fictional events.

More narrowly defined, it is the fiction-writing mode whereby the narrator communicates directly to the reader. The word story may be used as a synonym of narrative but can also be used to refer to the sequence of events described in a narrative.

EXAMPLES OF NARRATIVE WRITING
Novels
Some of newspaper articles

ATTRIBUTES OF NARRATIVE WRITING
Creating a voice
Subjective information
Descriptive power
Storytelling
USE OF NARRATIVE WRITING IN SOCIAL SCIENCE
Narrative can refer to aspects of human psychology. A personal narrative process is involved in a person's sense of personal or cultural identity, and in the creation and construction of memories; it is thought by some to be the fundamental nature of the self. The breakdown of a coherent or positive narrative has been implicated in the development of psychosis and mental disorder, and its repair said to play an important role in journeys of recovery. Narrative Therapy is a school of (family) psychotherapy.

Illness narratives are a way for a person affected by an illness to make sense of his or her experiences. They typically follow one of several set patterns: restitution, chaos, or quest narratives. In the restitution narrative, the person sees the...
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