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On March 23,2010 President Barrack Obama Signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) or more commonly Know as Obamacare into law. This has been the most extravagant reform of the United States medical system in roughly 45 years. Obamacare

Speaker → Message → Audience

Research shows that certain characteristics of message delivery in mixed gender conversations depend on the gender of the audience and the speaker. In other words, men speak to women differently than they would speak to other men. The same is true for the way women speak to men.

It is important to note that in this paper I will be referring to men and women in terms of gender and not sex. It is a common misconception that the terms sex and gender are interchangeable. Sex means the biological and physiological characteristics that make us female or male. Gender refers to psychological and emotional characteristics of individuals [2]. We are born a certain sex, but our gender is socially constructed Today, men do not talk to women differently because they fundamentally perceive them as comparatively unintelligent. These communication differences are a result of centuries of social conditioning. Otto Jesperson argued that “the speech of women- rapid, illogical, fluent- reflects a rapidity of thought and perception that is essentially shallow.” [4]. In the paper that follows, I will thoroughly explain different styles of speech and uses of language that allow further social construction of gender differences in the workplace. But first, a little history about the English language. English as a Man-Made Language

When studied, it is obvious that English is a language made for men, by men. Specific examples show that our language and speech reflects as well as perpetuates a patriarchal ideology [4]. Women’s use of the language is considered deviant when compared to men’s use. Daniel Spender states that “in a hierarchical society predicated on divisions...
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