3 Adjusting the Accounts
✓ The Navigator
Scan Study Objectives Read Feature Story Read Preview Read text and answer DO IT! p. 98 ■ p. 106 ■ p. 111 ■ Work Comprehensive DO IT! p. 118 Review Summary of Study Objectives Answer Self-Study Questions Complete Assignments
After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1 Explain the time period assumption. 2 Explain the accrual basis of accounting. 3 Explain the reasons for adjusting entries. 4 Identify the major types of adjusting entries. 5 Prepare adjusting entries for deferrals. 6 Prepare adjusting entries for accruals. 7 Describe the nature and purpose of an The Navigator adjusted trial balance.
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WHAT WAS YOUR PROFIT? The accuracy of the financial reporting system depends on answers to a few fundamental questions: At what point has revenue been earned? At what point is the earnings process complete? When have expenses really been incurred? During the 1990s’ boom in the stock prices of dot-com companies, many dot-coms earned most of their revenue from selling advertising space on their websites. To boost reported revenue, some dot-coms began swapping website ad space. Company A would put an ad for its website on company B’s website, and company B would put an ad for its website on company A’s website. No money changed hands, but each company recorded revenue (for the value of the space that it gave the other company on its site). This practice did little to boost net income, and it resulted in no additional cash flow—but it did boost reported revenue. Regulators eventually put an end to this misleading practice.
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Another type of transgression results from companies recording revenues or expenses in the wrong year. In fact, shifting revenues and expenses is one of the most...