Communicable Disease Paper
Communicable disease, “is an infectious disease transmissible, (as from person to person) by direct contact with an infected individual or the individual’s discharges or by indirect means (as by a vector)” (Merriam-Webster, 2011, p. 1). Understanding how communicable diseases are spread is important in reducing the significant affliction of disease in low income communities across the United States and increase prevention, awareness, and safety. The objective of this paper is to discuss the communicable disease’s human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome known as HIV and AIDS. In addition to describing HIV/AIDS, a brief overview of prevention, environmental factors, and social class facilitate or impede the human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. To conclude this paper, explanation of how public health departments are resolving this issue to decrease HIV/AIDS in communities across the United States. Description of HIV/AIDS
The human immunodeficiency virus known as HIV is a communicable disease that damages the individual’s body by damaging certain blood cells, named CD4+ T cells, known as cluster of differentiation 4, and helper T cells; cells vital to assisting the body battle diseases. Two forms of HIV include HIV-1 and HIV-2. People infected with HIV can experience symptoms similar to the flu, which may last up to 14 days, whereas others may experience no symptoms of any kind. Individuals can live healthy without any symptoms for many years; however, the human immunodeficiency virus is still damaging his or her body. All individuals with this communicable disease must be seen on a consistent basis by a health care worker, trained in treating this disease. AIDS or acquired immune deficiency syndrome is the delayed stage of the human immunodeficiency virus and occurs when the cells of the individual has been severely damaged and cannot resist certain diseases and cancers. The progress to AIDS from HIV may occur within a few years without treatment; however, people are living longer because of awareness and improvement of medication. The most common ways of acquiring HIV/AIDS is through sexual contact, blood, vaginal fluid, semen, and breast milk. The effort to decrease and prevent HIV and AIDS in the United States is through awareness programs. The Center for Disease Control Prevention along with state and local public health facilities has increased awareness programs in schools, community, and health centers. More schools and public health centers are teaching the importance of abstinence, and safe sex; understanding how to practice safe sex may prevent acquiring or transmitting HIV/AIDS. Environmental Factors Related to HIV/AIDS
“Despite the advances of the Civil Rights Movement and more recent promotion of diversity, racial dualism persists in educational institutions, most occupations, health care, and social and sexual networks” (Adimora & Schoenbach, 2005, p. 3). Housing separation and poverty in the United States includes minorities mostly in low-income urban areas, without educational and health care resources. Individuals and groups residing in poverty-stricken areas tend to sleep around with one another, transmitting sexually transmitted diseases. Minority children are more vulnerable to violence, drugs, communicable diseases, and teenage pregnancy simply because of the environment. Housing segregation is significant to the configuration of sexual interactions because individuals are more likely to pick sexual partners within their neighborhood. Other environmental factors include accessibility to resources and medication; people living in poverty-stricken areas have limited accessibility to health care facilities and resources regarding how to prevent HIV/AIDS. Affordability of HIV/AIDS medication is another environmental task difficult for individuals living with these particular communicable...
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