Communicable Disease

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Communicable Disease: Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that attacks the lungs and can also attack other parts of the body. The disease is spread from person to person after living in close contact during a long period. A person with tuberculosis can spread the disease through the air by sneezing, coughing, talking, and singing. The germs are spread through the air and a person who is not infected who breaths these germs have a chance of contracting the disease. Tuberculosis is the cause of death of approximately 2 million people per year globally. The incidents of tuberculosis during the 20th century have been declining in industrialized countries. In African countries such as Gambia and South Africa the rates have been rising. Tuberculosis germ does not develop into tuberculosis disease in some people. People who are at risk of contracting the disease are people with HIV, babies and young children, those who inject illegal drugs, elderly people and people who were not treated correctly for TB (American Lung Association, 2010). People who have been infected with tuberculosis disease can control the disease by using a daily dose of Isoniazid (INH) for 6 to 9 months. Tuberculosis is a Public Health threat in the United States. In the United States has 10-15 million infected Americans each year. People believed that tuberculosis was cured a long time ago and nothing has been done in the past 50 years to update how tuberculosis is treated and diagnosed. The tests and drugs used a 100 years are the one still being used. World Health Organization (WHO) reported that some parts of the world have been facing situations of patients with tuberculosis cases that do not respond to any drugs. Countries like China and India have 50% cases that do not respond to drugs.

Congress in the United States urged that funding should be made available for scientists and public health for the purpose of finding new ways to diagnose tuberculosis,...
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