June 4, 2012
A communicable disease is a bacteria or virus that can is transferred from person to person, or from animals or the physical environment to individuals by a variety of ways. For example air and water, to contaminated articles or fomites, insect and animal bites (Reigelman, p. 210, 2011). The spreading of a communicable disease is easily transferred and can range from a common cold to anthrax making the disease contagious. I will be discussing the communicable disease chlamydia and how the infection affects individuals. Chlamydia is a curable and a preventable disease, and with awareness and prevention individuals can protect themselves from contacting the contagious disease. According to Center for Disease Control (2011), chlamydia is a sexually transmitted diseases (STD). Chlamydia trachomatis, can damage a woman's reproductive organs if left untreated. Symptoms of chlamydia are usually mild, left untreated can cause serious complications. This silent disease can cause damage that is irreversible, including infertility, before a woman recognizes a problem and men infected with chlamydia experience a discharge from the penis. The bacterial infection chlamydia is transferred through sexual contact from one person to another. With more than 50 million cases reported worldwide and 3 million cases in the United States, chlamydia is the most common STD in the United States (Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet). Data Findings
In 2009 a total of 1,244,180 cases were reported with thousands more undetected. The chlamydia infection is prevalent among sexually active young adolescents, between the ages of 14-24 years. It is three time higher than individuals among the age 25-39 years (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2008 [NHANES], unpublished data, 2011) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2011). Data shows that 10%–15% of untreated chlamydial infections result...