1) The Communal Violence Bill defines a minority group as 'a religious or linguistic minority, in any State in the Union of India, or Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes'. At a national level, minorities in India clearly include Muslims and other non-Hindus. 2) Nonetheless, there have been clear examples of targeted violence against particular minorities like Muslims in Gujarat in 2002, tribals in the Northeast, Christians in Orissa, and Dalits in almost every state. In effect, it is victimization itself that defines a minority group.
3) “Minority” is not a frozen national concept based on religion alone; it is, on the contrary, an entirely shifting category at the level of the states. As the economy expands, populations migrate and demography changes, there may be many points of conflict whose roots are not religious bigotry but regional, linguistic and other chauvinisms heightened by economic competition.“Unity in diversity” will come about only if we work towards a reasonably fair society with equality in the working of the law for all. This bill learns from the past but is not imprisoned by it; it seeks to prevent identity-based violence around old or new fault-lines by making states accountable.
4) Almost as a rule, governments in India have failed to control riots when there is political complicity.As for example some of India’s worst riots against minorities (such as the Ahmedabad riots of 1969, the Moradabad riots of 1980, the Meerut riots of 1987, and the anti-Sikh riots of Delhi) went uncontrolled by the Congress.Thus with the introduction of this bill it would serve a movement towards a riot free india. 5) The minority communities have to face several problems in India. The minorities are not able to integrate properly in the Hindu-dominated society. There is apprehension among some sections that for enlarging its base, the Christian community is involved in converting the low caste Hindus or tribes to its own community or...
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