Committee on the Reform of the Philippine Educational System

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Republic of the Philippines
Laguna State Polytechnic University
Santa Cruz Campus
Graduate Studies and Applied Research

A RESEARCH PAPER
Presented to MARIO C. PASION, Ed.D., Ffp
LAGUNA STATE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY
Sta. Cruz Main Campus

In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirement for the Subject of
EM 501 “Management of Philippine Schools, Colleges and Universities”

By:
VIVIEN CARRILLO BUAG

Republic of the Philippines
Laguna State Polytechnic University
Santa Cruz Campus
Graduate Studies and Applied Research

APPROVAL SHEET
In partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Subject of EM 501 “Management of Philippine Schools, Colleges and Universities”, This Research Paper with the Topic “Educational Reform in the Philippines” is submitted by Vivien Carrilo Buag.

MARIO C. PASION, Ed.D., Ffp ____________
Professor Date

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page……………………………………………………………………….. Approval Sheet………………………………………………………………... Table of Contents……………………………………………………………... List of Acronyms……………………………………………………………… CHAPTER
I.INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………… II.OBJECTIVES……………………………………………………………….. III.RELATED OF RELATED LITERATURE LITERATURE……………………… a.Schurman Commission…………………………………………. b.Taft Commission…………………………………………………. c.Philippine Legislature……………………………………………. d.Educational Survey Commission……………………………… e.Ecomic Survey Commission in 1927………………………….. f.Unesco Survey in 1948…………………………………………... g.Swanson Survey in 1960………………………………………… h.EDCOM Report in 1991…………………………………………. i.Philippine education Sector Survey of 1999………………... j.Presidential Commission on Education Reform

(PCER)2000………………………………………………………. k.Mid Term Development Pan of 2001-2004…………………. l.Presidential Task Force on Education (PTFE) 2008………… IV.SUMMARY………………………………………………………………… V.CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………. VI.RECOMMENDATION…………………………………………………. VII.BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………… VIII.CURRICULUM VITAE…………………………………………………..

I.INTRODUCTION
Pre-Spanish times
Education was still decentralized. Children were provided more vocational training but less academics in their houses by their parents and in the houses of their tribal tutors. They were using a unique system of writing known as the baybayin. When the Spanish arrived in Manila, they were surprised to find a population with a literacy rate higher than the literacy rate of Madrid.

Spanish period
Education in the Philippines during Spanish rule. During the early Spanish period most education was carried out by the religious orders. The friars, recognizing the value of a literate indigenous population, built printing presses to produce material in baybayin. Many missionaries learnt the local languages and the baybayin to communicate better with the locals and teach them the Christian faith. The church and the school both worked together. All Christian villages had schools and students to attend. The Spanish missionaries established schools immediately after reaching the islands. The Augustinians opened a school in Cebu in 1565. The Franciscans, in 1577, immediately took to the task of teaching improving literacy, aside from the teaching of new industrial and agricultural techniques. The Jesuits followed in 1581, also by the Dominicans in 1587, which they started a school in their first mission at Bataan. In 1590, the Universidad de San Ignacio was founded in Manila by the Jesuits, and after the suppression of the Jesuits was incorporated into the University of Santo Tomás, College of Medicine and Pharmacy. The first book printed in the Philippines dates back to 1590. It is a Chinese language version of the Doctrina Christiana or Christian Doctrine. A Spanish and Tagalog version, in both Latin script and the locally used baybayin script, was printed in 1593. In 1610, Tomas Pinpin, a Filipino printer, writer and publisher, who is...
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