Comment on the type of narration techniques used in Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte? Is Nelly only a narrator?

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Wuthering Heights is the only novel written by the Victorian writer, Emily Bronte besides her poems. It is one of the most passionate and heartfelt novels. It is also, considered highly original and deeply tragic. This novel is about the relation between Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff, the orphan boy brought to Wuthering Heights, and his tyrannical revenge excited on everybody for the rage and humiliation he suffers throughout his life.

The novel is based on a group of flashbacks which are organized chronologically and told by a number of narrators. Each participates in the part which conveys the theme most efficiently. So, the type of narration used throughout the novel is first person point of view. However, the writer does not intrude in the narration to give any enlightenment about any character or event, nor does she comment on anything. We learn a lot about the nature, morals, and social class of each character indirectly through their narration and comments. Emily leaves us totally in the hands of her narrator characters, through the absence of her authorial intervention. This novel is mainly narrated by Nelly; the house keeper at both houses where the novel takes place; Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. However, she follows a symmetrical pattern of narration by having the same narrator in the beginning and at the end of the novel. But also, other characters take part in narration occasionally. Each character differs greatly from the others and we perceive their personality and morals through each different narration language.

The first narrator we encounter upon beginning the novel is Mr. Lockwood; a tenant at Thrushcross Grange. This narrator is a flat unchanging character with a minor role which is to introduce us to the novel. He narrates the opening chapters of the novel, the last two chapters with Nelly, and often intrudes in her narration. He is an outsider who is looking at the events as they are revealed or narrated to him. We identify with him as readers because we are all spectators with him. This narration serves well as an introduction because it establishes the novel with an outsider's eye reflecting Wuthering Heights as a dismal and uninviting place to be in. This technique gives the introduction a stronger effect. Moreover, Mr. Lockwood's narration reflects his educated background and civilized sophistication. His language does not feel natural but artificial and he uses different vocabulary which comes from the city and his travels. In each of his narrations, the year is mentioned at the beginning, and the time of day later on in his story because of his prompt and organized character. His narration reflects the unexpected dark and gloomy unfriendliness of the people and places he encounters.

The second narrator is Catherine telling some of her memories with Heathcliff when they were kids. Her part is written on the margin of a book & read by Mr. Lockwood. Because this is written in her childhood, the language seems very childish coming from a very naughty girl who is scornful on the people surrounding her. She describes everything from a child's point of view of looking at things which is apparent in the way she describes the intimate scene between Hindley and his wife reflecting it as silly, meaningless, and very unromantic. She uses a lot of curses and bad names to entitle the older folks. The wildness and meanness of a rebellious child is felt through out her narration.

The third narrator is Heathcliff describing his and Catherine's first encounter with the Lintons. His language is very poetic and much more vivid than the other characters. It is very descriptive and rich with striking imagery, metaphors and similes. It is filled with hatred and spite for the ill treatment he receives at their house, turning him out of doors while keeping Catherine at their place. His hatred is obviously expressed in the selection of his words creating striking images, such as "(Isabella...
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