Comm 155

Topics: Writing, Rhetoric, Narrative Pages: 6 (2284 words) Published: March 17, 2013
Associate Program Material
Appendix C

Rhetorical Modes Matrix

Rhetorical modes are methods for effectively communicating through language and writing. Complete the following chart to identify the purpose and structure of the various rhetorical modes used in academic writing. Provide at least two tips for writing each type of rhetorical device.

NOTE: You may not copy and paste anything directly from the textbook or a web site. All information included in this assignment must be written in your own words.

Rhetorical Mode| * Purpose – Explain when or why each rhetorical mode is used.| Structure – Identify the organizational method that works best with each rhetorical mode. | Tips – Provide two tips for writing in each rhetorical mode. | Narration| The purpose is to tell someone a story. It can be used to tell a factual story to tell (or attempt to recount) events that actually happened. It can be used to tell a fictional story which departs from real people, events, in order to not retell a real life event. Often it is used for writing personal experience essays. | Whether fact or fiction the work relays the series of events in an emotionally engaging way. Major narrative writing is often written in chronological order, in which the events typically unfold, from first to last. | A tip for this type of essay is to create a plot summary, which will just provide a general outline of the essay. This will make sticking to the chronological order much easier. Another tip is that having strongly descriptive details are essential to this type of essay. This will captivate the audience and make it as though they were experiencing it as well.| Illustration| The purpose is to clearly demonstrate or describe a specific topic so it can be completely understood. Essays such as this are one type of essay that are centered around and controlled by a thesis. | These essays start off with an introductorily type of paragraph with the controlling thesis placed within it. Then the main point can be added after the thesis paragraph. Once the main point is established it can be supported with the strongest evidence, or it can be supported with the lesser of the stronger evidence and have it build in strength. This type of structure is often referred to as order-of-importance. | One tip is to use a group of special words called time transition words. These are words like first, second, third, currently, next, subsequently, initially, thus, although, however, conversely, and finally.A second tip is to use compelling facts, observations, and statistics that are current to support the subject in order to ensure that the audience will remain interested.| Description| This type of writing is used to captivate the audience and engross them in the descriptive process through the use of strategically selected words. However, even though they are using these intricate words, there is still a point to the overall piece. This baptism of words is achieved by the writer’s ability to use sensory detail as well as provide definitions from time to time. When a writer does this the audience will be able to see, taste, touch, hear, and feel what is being described to them.As in all descriptive writing the purpose must be clear to the audience from beginning to end. | The usual (best) structure for these essays is an order called spatial order. This is the order or arrangement of ideas according to physical characteristics or appearances. This order may also depend entirely on what the writer describes first in the piece. It may move from bottom to top, left to right, dark to light, or even from life to death. | One tip is to remember that sensory details are absolutely essential. The whole essay should be teeming with picturesque details. The more that the five senses are engaged in the descriptive process the more effective the essay will be. Another tip is when a topic is selected to make sure that it is reviewed repeatedly. Once...
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