Color verses Highlights
I have been a licensed Cosmetologist for the past 12 years. Working in a salon environment with all different colors and textures of hair throughout the years has given me much more insight and knowledge on the differences of chemical process, cost, and the all over look to hair that has been either colored, highlighted, or both. Hair is made of a protein called Keratin. There are three different parts to hair; the Cuticle, which is the outside layer we see, the Cortex, which is the middle or inner part of the hair, which gives its strength and elasticity, and the Medulla, which is the innermost layer. The Medulla is also known as, the “garbage can” of the hair. It has the ability of holding on to toxins and drugs, for use in drug testing. These tests, if necessary, can go back 7 years. Natural color ranges on a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being the darkest such as Black, and 10 being the lightest such as Lightest Blonde. To color or highlight a client’s hair is only two different ways to change or alter one’s appearance. For some people, the two may sound the same, but truly, they both differ in many ways.
When making a color appointment, the client normally wants at least one of these two options, covering their gray hair with a color as close to their natural pigment as possible or going a color darker than what they already have. In a color process, a stylist would most likely use a semi permanent color and a low volume peroxide developer of 10% or 20%. They would apply it on the scalp, through to the ends, using a tint brush. Semi permanent colors contain non-ammonia alkali materials, which are not as harmful to a client’s hair, and the smell is not as powerful. However, if the stylist does not apply a color-blocking base to the clients surrounding skin such as Vaseline, it will stain their skin and will be very hard to remove once water has touched it. Color normally will last a client anywhere from 4 to 6 weeks before they...
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