I have chosen to discus Colonialism of North America. From the very beginning it was a race between Spain and England to see who would colonize North America. While the Spanish were first England was shown to be the ultimate victor in the race.
I have chosen to focus on the colonization of the New World through England. Although there were other countries involved England was the most influential. Some of the reasons why England decided to colonize North America was for wealth, expanded traded, more territory, and to spread Christianity. They brought items such as rice, sugar, tea, coffee, pigs, cows, religious viewpoints, and the not so positive disease with them..
In order to colonize the Americas the British had to cultivate the land. They came into a rather barren space and they had to set up their own settlements. They left a hard life behind only to find a much harder life but at least this life had the possibility of a better life was with in reach. Life was hard for the original settlers in America. The land was harsh and many settlers found themselves ill prepared for the journey at hand. Unbelievable the Colony continued to grow. It can be argued that it wasn’t as much the population growing because of internal repopulating but instead from more settlers traveling and setting up residence in the colony. The reasons why citizens continued to flee to North America could be the saw the money being made for tobacco sales, the promise of free land, or religious freedom.
Europe received goods from the New World as well. Settlers traveled back to Europe bearing gifts of corn, white potatoes, pumpkins, squash, tobacco, turkeys, rattle snakes, buffalo, and raccoons. They also unwittingly brought back Syphilis.
As much as Europe was gaining from the exploration of this new land the indigenous people of the area were losing exponentially. They took from anywhere they could even at the expense of the Native Americans. The first thing that the natives were experiencing was dealing with the disease the Europeans brought with them. They had introduced the population to small pox, measles, and influenza which they were not able to fight. While the Europeans had built up an immunity to these the Native Americans had none so they were dying because they could not fight it. One of the reasons the Europeans were able to conquer the indigenous population was because it was so greatly reduced or weakened.
At first the Indians treated the settlers with hospitality. They offered food and help to the settlers. Over time the settlers grew increasingly dependent on the Indians and never returned the hospitality. In fact they did more than not return the hospitality they began to enslave the Native Americans. At this points the Native Americans were hostile towards these new comers.
Everything they knew was changing. There way of life was being irradiated. Not only were the Native Americans being over taken by diseases but they were also being brutally taken over. The Europeans fought with a new weapon the Native Americans had never seen, a gun. The people were forced to give up their culture and assimilate the European and Christian way of life.
Indians began attacking settlers, killing their livestock, and burning such crops as they planted. While the Native Americans tried to fight off the Europeans it ultimately proved useless. Everything they knew was stolen from them. They were angry that everything was being taken. They lost their land, culture, and way of life. In the end it proved to much for them and they either became converts or were killed.
The goal of the colonization was to provide a new world in which the settlers could rule themselves. They were looking to break away from British rule. While the beginning proved hard eventually they were able to accomplish this goal. They lost many along the way from the harsh. However what they lost pales...
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