In definition colonialism is the situation where by the strong country control the weak country in socially, economically, and politically normally these strong country introduce little benefits or not to the weakest so as to get more from them, such they doing is like introduction of education which based on the their side, example they introduce their culture, example adoption of the Western culture in Africa. Also these strong country they introduce crops which benefit them, example cash crops, sisal introduced in Africa by German. Due to all above, it shows that the colonialism in Africa was, due to a number of reasons. This essay will attempt to discuss the merits and demerits derived by Africa from the European colonial experience by the first quarter of the 20th century.
Since colonialism involves the rule or taking of territory of one people by another and without their consent, many people believe that the worst effect of colonialism is the fact that a country, takes land rightfully belonging to natives without any consent, and generally mistreating the natives afterwards. Though whether or not this is the worst effect or not can be contended, it definitely plays a major role in the debate of colonialism. During the Colonial period Tanzania for example has had many benefits in terms of infrastructure at the expense of the population.”(1)
When Europeans divided Africa, most colonizers cared mainly about gold, diamonds, and other resources. The Europeans knew little about Africa’s political and social systems. Many Europeans looked down on Africa’s rich cultures and tried to make Africans more like Europeans. Europeans also created conflicts among ethnic groups that had not existed before. For example, the Belgian rulers of Rwanda-Burundi insisted that everyone carry identity cards saying whether they were Hutu, the ethnic majority, or Tutsi, the minority that had ruled the Hutu. Many people did not know which of these they were. The Belgians decided that anyone who owned more than ten cows was Tutsi. The Tutsi got the best education and jobs. Soon the Hutu were resentful, and a violent conflict began. In 1994, the conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi escalated into a brutal civil war. The Tutsi were victorious and formed a new government in Rwanda. (2)
“Africa did not share in the economic boom that lasted for the first three years of federation. They were taxed on things they bought in the shops such as clothing, footwear and dried milk, and they were charged high prices by white and Asian traders. As prices went up, African wages came down. Socially things were not better. The Race Relating Board was ineffectual. The Moffat Revolutions of 1954 said that everyone had the right to progress according to character, qualifications, training, ability and education without distinction of race, colour and creed but these high-sounding resolutions were never put into effect. There were many instances of racial discrimination. The Lusaka city council tarred the road to the European hospital but not the 180 metres to the African hospital.” (3)
Furthermore, “a white man killed his African employee and was jailed for only a year, but when an African robbed his white employer, he was jailed for five years. The government did little for African education as ANC pointed out, if the government had the principle of partnership at heart, it must give the Africans the same opportunity and standard of technical education and training as the European”. (4)
“Rhodes was supported in the Cape parliament by Hofmeyr’s Afrikaner Bond, which was attracted by his policies encouraging the development of agricultural capitalism. Rhodes government promoted wine exports set, set up a Ministry of Agriculture to aid meat and fruit production, and extended railway lines to carry agricultural produce to market as well as opening up the Northern Cape colony for white settlement.”(5)
“Rhodes proclaimed himself in favour of equal...
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