Colorectal cancer, more commonly known as colon cancer, is a common form of cancer; It is the third most common type of cancer and the second most lethal. It is fairly common due to the numerous causes and contact with foreign substances. Cancer is the condition of where cells do not cease mitosis, and continue to duplicate in tumors. If the cancer cells do not metastasize, spread to other parts of the body, they are said to be benign. Benign tumors are not extremely harmful until they metastasize and become malignant. Colorectal cancer can be located either in the rectum or colon. The stages range from I to IV, with I being the least advanced and harmful to IV being the worst, as it has metastasized. It can be cured if it is caught early enough. Causes and Risk Factors
There are quite a few things that contribute to this condition. As with most cancers, the risk increases with time and a family history of colon cancer. Men are more likely to get it than women, with African-American men having the highest risk in the United States. Smokers and physically inactive people have higher risk. Diets that are high in fiber, fruits and vegetables have a lower risk of this. However, diets high in red meat and fat have an increased risk.
Hereditary conditions that will increase the risk of colon cancer include a general family history, Familial adenomatous polyposis, and Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. Familial adenomatous polyposis increases the risk of developing colon cancer to almost certain. The disorder causes a person to have thousands of polyps, causing from an early age anemia due to the loss of blood in the feces. Later on, the person will most likely develop cancer. Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer is also called Lynch Syndrome. Lifetime risk is approximately 80%, it also increase risks of numerous other cancer in the digestive tract and otherwise. Symptoms and Diagnosis
Symptoms may be full on and complete or could be...