Collective Rights

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Collective Rights Mini-Handbook|
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Created by Katrina Navarro|
Grade 9A|

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Define Collective Rights

* Collective rights are rights Canadians hold because they belong to one of several groups in society. They are rights held by groups (peoples) in Canadian society that are recognized and protected by Canada’s constitution. Those groups include Aboriginals, Francophones and Anglophones.

* Collective rights are different than individual rights. Every Canadian citizen and permanent resident has individual rights under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, such as the right to live anywhere in Canada.

* Collective rights set Canada apart from other nations. For example, no groups (peoples) in the United States have rights recognized in the American constitution.

* Collective rights reflect the idea of mutual respect among peoples. This idea has a long history in Canada. For example, it shaped the Great Peace of Montréal in 1701, among thirty-nine First Nations and the French.

What legislation establishes the collective rights of groups in Canada? Aboriginal peoples
* Treaty 6, 7, 8 states that the aboriginals could have health care, education, hunting and fishing rights, reserves, farming assistance, payments annuities, and special benefits. All in return for the first nations to share their land and agree to obeying the government. * Having the government, and the first nations agree to these terms is very important because first nations are their own people and deserve to be treated as such. First Nations

* Indian Act
* Historic Treaties
* Modern Treaties
* Canada’s constitution
Métis
* Modern Treaties
* Manitoba Act
* Canada’s constitution

* In 1869-1879, the Metis started the red river resistance, resulting in the Manitoba act, passed by Canada's Parliament; it established Manitoba as bilingual province, with the education right for Catholics, Protestants, and the...
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